Cossack Nagayka 🔥 Description, Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik

Cold weapon Nagayka is closely related to the history of Russian Cossacks.

Cold weapon Nagayka is closely related to the history of Russian Cossacks.

Movie Nagayka accompanied the Cossack throughout his life. Usually, Nagaika hung over the cradle of a baby to scare up evil spirits, gave the boys when they were taught to ride a horse, they took a hunt for hunting and in each fight, Nagyaki punished themselves. When the Cossack was dying, he was buried along with her checker, nagayka and bridle.

History of creation

There are two versions of the origin of the word "Nagayka":

  • From the names of the North Caucasian nationality - Nogai (by the analogy of Circass - Circassian). However, the exact etymology of the concept of "NOG follower" is also not established. Most often, the Word is associated with Goldenophane Khan (or Nagami) (from Mongolian Noqai - "Dog"), Genggizhana Rights.
  • From Sanskrit "Naga", which meant "Snake". And, indeed, the weaving of Nagaika reminds the scales of reptiles. In this regard, it is worth mentioning the Iron of Brave or George Victorious - Saint, especially revered by the Cossacks, and generally considered the heavenly patron saint of Russian warriors. According to early legends, he defeated the snake in the word, tamed.

Cossack Nagayka

To say exactly when such a weapon appeared as Nagayka is impossible.

The earliest mention of her can be found in the works of the Roman historians of Herodotus, Pompey Torch and Polina, who told about how the Scythians, who returned home from a perennial campaign, were forced to fight their own slaves (or their sons), and the victory was obsessed with Wheel.

Reference. Scythians - Iranian-speaking tribes whose possessions in the 7th century BC. e. Stretched from the Danube to Don. The Scythians do not have any relationship. From modern nationalities to these Aryan tribes closest in Ossetian language. The ancient war "Danan" means the river, water; Ossetian "Don" - river. Kazakh, Tatar-Mongolian tribes enjoyed the screak.

The evolution of Nagaiki in Russia is associated with ancient weapon - kitchen and shalapuga: they were its predecessors.

The first was a short stick, on the one side of which a metal ball with sharp teeth was mounted on a short belt or chains, on the other - a dormant (loop for hand).

Slavs used a chain against the warriors of the Khazar kaganate. It could be easily snatched on the race and quickly attack the enemy: he pierced his helmets and shells.

Following the chalapoga, a shalapoga appeared - a combat sleeve with 20 pigtails and a thick whip, at the end of which the metal bar was mounted. It was used by the Slavs against the very annoyed nomads, the "uniforms" of which, in contrast to the heavy Khazar armor, was a leather with eloquent metal plaques.

Appearance

When the firearms began to use in battle, the need for shalapuga disappeared, and Nagayki appeared instead.

Nagayku in the near battle was most often used when the main weapon (rifle, checker, peak) was lost.

With the help of Beach, it was possible to strike a strong blow (rarely deadly) and stun the opponent.

Nagayka was used mainly for horse breeding horses, as well as for punishment subordinates, in educational purposes for the younger generation, in rites. Known the Cossack Custom, when in a sign of a special respect for the feet of the incoming guest threw Nagayka.

If he raised her - it served as a sign that he is well located to the owner of the house. If the coming was offended and wished to shoot discontent, he stopped through the whip.

What is Nagayka and its varieties

In the Russian military practice, the arapniki and Nagaiki became a special type of weapons. During the 19th century, they became a distinctive type of auxiliary weapons of the following military formations:

  • Cossack troops;
  • So-called "foreign" cavalry divisions from representatives of nomadic peoples;
  • Divination of horseman gendarmerie.

In the latter case, Nagayka was widely used during the suppression of rebounds and to overclock the demonstrations. And in the Cossack medium, Nagaiki has long been used to punish the provinced Cossack.

Short belt beach

The term "Nagayak" explanatory dictionary of the Russian language determines the "short belt whore".

The main version of the origin of the word "Nagaika" is considered to be the conversational version of the term "Noga Slap", based on the use of the Cossack elements of elements borrowed from the so-called "Nagai" ("Nogai") - tribal formations of nomads under the rule of their rulers of the Golden Horde, Khan Foot. There is also a version associated with the word "Naga", which in Sanskrit means "Snake", and the most ancient and simple way of weaving Nagaek was called "snake" and externally reminded the scales of these reptiles.

In general, Nagaika is a dense plexus of leather straps with a special bag at the end in which the load can be placed to enhance the impact. This weapon is quite compact, his blow has a huge speed, which is extremely difficult to manage to react, and causes a strong pain shock from the opponent.

Initially, many Cossack Nagiyki were twin: one of the weapons (reinforced) served as a weapon, the other was intended to control the horse. The unused type of screamers was fixed by a special clip. In 1839, the order of the military department was arranged to streamline Nagaeks as an element of the Cossack weapons, which consolidated exclusively their variety of their species. At the same time, a number of traditional differences in Nagaek types are preserved up to the present day.

Nagaika was used most often in the near battle, moreover, in the case when the main weapon of the Cossack (rifle, checker, peak) was lost. In general, Nagaika was used to stun the enemy, and experienced warriors with its help could cause a deadly blow or pull the enemy ridge from the horse.

In hand

Martial lets, as a rule, fixed on the wrist, while allowing you to freely use the hand. In Cossack Nagikeki, this role was performed by a dormant - a loop for a hand, which allowed to hold the whip firmly. In addition, at the beginning of the handle, the built-in tip made of metal (shell) was usually located, which served to apply the strike directly to the handle.

  • Donskaya. Donskaya Nagaika has a ring (metal or belt) at the end of a 30-40 cm long handle, which is directly attached to the whip itself 1.5-2 meters long, which makes the blow sharper.
  • Kuban. Kuban Nagaya has a relatively short (about 20 cm) handle that is powered by leather smoothly turning into the main weaving. The place of connecting the tail of the screens with the handle is visually not visible. This type of Nagaiki is better suitable for applying alkali shocks.
  • Ural. It is considered a type of Kuban Nagayki, unlike which he has instead of a wicker "apple". The length of the handle is 15-20 cm, the length of the leaf is 50-75 cm.
  • Authorized. It is considered a type of Donskaya Nagayki for the army of the Russian Empire. In accordance with the decree of Alexander III, combat authorized Nagayki armed all the Cossacks regardless of the title: from ordinary to general.
  • Zaporizhia. It is considered a type of Kuban Nagayki.
  • Arapge. Long hunting or training whip with thin and durable extension (from hemp, silk or horse-haired), located on a short whip. All Nagayki are considered to be a shorter species. The term "arapnik" himself arose from a distorted Polish name of the plenty, which occurred from the German "herab" ("away").
  • Wolley. The variety of arapy with a rigid handle, designed for hunting on horseback on wolves and foxes. The length of the usual male is about one meter. The shock part has a thicker weaving, and the ship is attached at the end for greater punching force. Due to the similarities of the main parameters with Cossack Nagayka, it often serves as a synonym for this weapon.
  • Tatar Kamch. Thin one-eyed leaf with a thin scourge. Traditional Tatar Kamach often refers to a variety of Don type Nagaeks.
  • Belt beach. The general concept that combines the types of Nagaeks of different types. This includes special designs, for example, a type of Kalmyk's "Tashmg", which was made not by the weakening of narrow leather straps, but by firmware several relatively wide strips of raw material with a thin leather cord.

How the Nagayka is arranged

The main parts are a handle and whip, each of them includes several elements.

Handle:

  • grip - a place covered with leather braid to make it convenient to hold in hand;
  • Shalga - a tip made of metal, which was posted at the beginning of grip. It was used to strike directly handle;
  • Temory - loop for a hand, which allowed to hold the nagica firmly;
  • factory - looping for the plenty;
  • Street (i.e. fastening) for durable compound of handle and leaf. It was a thin leather ribbon, the increasing end of the handle;
  • The hook - ring for connecting the handle and the shoulders;
  • Doloch - leather flap.

Handle and leaf

White:

  • Mahra from leather ribbons;
  • Sarven - intertwined belts;
  • Slap - a bag of leather at the end of the braid, where it was possible to put a metal part.

The whip without metal cargoes and the cable does not apply to the category of shock-splitting weapons and does not fall under the articles of the Criminal Code.

Features of weaving

The product uses a classic eight-vapor weaving - "Golden Standard" for Nagaeks. If you use a smaller number of skin strips, then the beach will be too rigid and rough, if more - they will be too thin, and the final result will be released the same. Nagayki out of 10 or more skin strips are more likely to decorative, while our product is full-featured, suitable for practical use.

Set of Cossack

For the manufacture uses high-quality calf leather black, selected in modern technology. It is much stronger "raw" (the skin selected by the old way), so such a naguit faithfully will serve you for a long time even with active use.

Application in emergency situation

If you are right-handed, then grip in the culk so that she wrapped you from left to right. The handle should be on the left side, and slap from the loop - with the right. The fastener will be approximately the center, on the site of the belt buckle.

To snatch the nagayk, a short enough to unbutton a button, put a hand on the "Turkish head" and stretch with one movement. Since it narrows to the tip, it is easily removed. For Zama, one turn is enough of the brush - and here the nagaika in your hand is ready to attack any goal.

How to make arapist do it yourself

The manufacture of Knuta-arapist with their own hands, including in the form of a traditional Cossack Nagaiki, is not something complicated. This ancient combat weapons can be made with the use of sufficiently modern materials, based on the schemes and practical recommendations.

An independent creation of arapist begins with the manufacture of handles. To do this, traditionally use solid trees - beech, oak, ash, acacia. In general, the handle material should be durable, but easy, so it is also permissible to use textolit or ebonite, but light metal alloys, on the contrary, are not recommended. In order for the handle to be too thick, it is necessary to reduce its diameter in front of the braid, which is equal to the thickness of the skin strips used in the braid.

Wicker handle

A classic requirement in the manufacture of the shoulder is the use of natural raw leather as raw materials, preferably a cow. Prepared for weaving belts need to soak in conventional water: the weaving process will result in much easier, and after drying the skin there will become stronger.

Those who wish to correctly determine the size of the scourge under the standards of Kuban-type Nagaiki can do so: pull out your hand and rotate the nagyku in a vertical position. Nagayka at the same time should not get to the face of the torque.

The moon-arapist weaving is produced in two basic types: the usual either with the stuffy core (coast). The presence of the core makes the whip less flexible, but enhances the blow, so such a whip is most often used for hunting or battle.

Weaving with a vitality

In the schemes of such a type of weaving (for any classic view of the arapnik, including Nagayka), horse hair is traditionally used as the core. In modern conditions, many is difficult to get it difficult, therefore, a carsion cord is quite suitable for the shipment, fixed in the future handle. Strips are screwed to the basement so that those who will go from left to come first were primed, and then opposite. The end is fixed by threads.

Normal weaving

Weaving without the use of the core, in fact, resembles the weaving of ordinary pigtails. Leather strips for weaving are cut with a conventional stationery knife, forming a narrowing to the tip, and are treated with edges. Striped can be 4-6, but for the "classic" Nagaiki, 8 is recommended, and for the "enhanced" arapist - 10, 12 and even 14.

At the belt

The slack shape (leather bag at the end of the shock part of the whip, which places the load to enhance the blow) is recommended for a trapezoidal, which is considered the most convenient form. Slap for Nagaiki is better to produce not solid, but on the lacing. If necessary, a loader can be placed in the resulting pockets, which can serve a piece of lead or a bullet, approximately corresponding to the caliber of 5.45 mm.

Cultural meaning

In the late Cossack society, Nagayka was a sign of the status of a full adult building Cossack. In some styles, by the way, solely married (handed over the test of the son-in-law at the wedding), but not in all.

Nagayka was usually hung in the house on the door jamb, on the left. She was considered something like a talisman at home. For example, with a quarrel, the owner could throw his nagike under the feet of the guest-offender. If he raised Nagayka and handed the owner back, it meant that he wishes to reconcile and not arrange a buzz.

But if the guest just left, and worst - I stepped over Nagaika, such a vendetta could begin, which is where the shredded Italians of the montext with cabbage.

Sources

  • https://warbook.club/oruzhie/holodnoe/nagayka/
  • https://militaryarms.ru/oruzhie/holodnoe/arapnik/
  • https://armij.mirtesen.ru/blog/43950964164/taynoe-oruzhie:-nagayka-poyas.
  • https://zen.yandex.ru/media/dnevnik_rolevika/boevaia-stepnaia-plet-kazackaia-nagaika-5c3c2f16df53e700aa303d15

Nagayka is closely connected with the history of Russian Cossacks.

She accompanied the Cossack throughout his life: she was hung over the baby's cradle to scare up evil spirits, gave the boys when they were taught to ride a horse, they were taken to battle and hunt, she was punished by the guessed, and when the Cossack was dying, he was buried together with her checker , Nagaika and bridle.

From Scythian wagon to Nagaiki

There are two versions of the origin of the word "Nagayka":

  • From the names of the North Caucasian nationality - Nogai (by the analogy of Circass - Circassian). However, the exact etymology of the concept of "NOG follower" is also not established. Most often, the Word is associated with Goldenophane Khan (or Nagami) (from Mongolian Noqai - "Dog"), Genggizhana Rights.
  • From Sanskrit "Naga", which meant "Snake". And, indeed, the weaving of Nagaika reminds the scales of reptiles. In this regard, it is worth mentioning the Iron of Brave or George Victorious - Saint, especially revered by the Cossacks, and generally considered the heavenly patron saint of Russian warriors. According to early legends, he defeated the snake in the word, tamed.

To say exactly when such a weapon appeared as Nagayka is impossible.

Naga Sibirskaya

The earliest mention of her can be found in the works of the Roman historians of Herodotus, Pompey Torch and Polina, who told about how the Scythians, who returned home from a perennial campaign, were forced to fight their own slaves (or their sons), and the victory was obsessed with Wheel.

Reference. Scythians - Iranian-speaking tribes whose possessions in the 7th century BC. e. Stretched from the Danube to Don. The Scythians do not have any relationship. From modern nationalities to these Aryan tribes closest in Ossetian language. The ancient war "Danan" means the river, water; Ossetian "Don" - river. Kazakh, Tatar-Mongolian tribes enjoyed the screak.

The evolution of Nagaiki in Russia is associated with ancient weapon - kitchen and shalapuga: they were its predecessors.

The first was a short stick, on the one side of which a metal ball with sharp teeth was mounted on a short belt or chains, on the other - a dormant (loop for hand).

Slavs used a chain against the warriors of the Khazar kaganate. It could be easily snatched on the race and quickly attack the enemy: he pierced his helmets and shells.

Shulapouga whip

Following the chalapoga, a shalapoga appeared - a combat sleeve with 20 pigtails and a thick whip, at the end of which the metal bar was mounted. It was used by the Slavs against the very annoyed nomads, the "uniforms" of which, in contrast to the heavy Khazar armor, was a leather with eloquent metal plaques.

When the firearms began to use in battle, the need for shalapuga disappeared, and Nagayki appeared instead.

Nagayku in the near battle was most often used when the main weapon (rifle, checker, peak) was lost.

With the help of Beach, it was possible to strike a strong blow (rarely deadly) and stun the opponent.

Nagayka was used mainly for horse breeding horses, as well as for punishment subordinates, in educational purposes for the younger generation, in rites. Known the Cossack Custom, when in a sign of a special respect for the feet of the incoming guest threw Nagayka.

If he raised her - it served as a sign that he is well located to the owner of the house. If the coming was offended and wished to shoot discontent, he stopped through the whip.

Varieties of Nagaek

There are several types of Nagaeks, depending on the design features and the manufacturer.

  • Donskaya Nagayka. The flaw with the handle is connected using metal rings or loops. The length of the handle can be 30 - 40 cm it is equal to the distance from the elbow to the middle of the palm. The ratio of the magnitude of the vacuum and handles: 2 to 1.5. The thickness also measured hand. The total length of the laptop is 40 - 50 cm.
  • Kuban Nagayka. In short, the Donskoy is 15 to 20 cm, the whip is a continuation of the handle - it is woven into the handle braid. Handle - 15 - 20 cm. The proportion of the lengths of the handle and the leaves: 1 to 3.

The differences between the Don and Kuban Nagaiki are also associated with the features of the fighting technique.

Donskaya Nagayka

The first is convenient for horizontal spinning of the leaf around the handle, and with the help of the second you can apply snap-off the "running wave". The very first Nagyki had 2 whissts: for battle and to attack a horse, when one of them was used, the second was retracted to the plant.

  • Ural Nagayka. The length of the handle is 15 - 20 cm, the ratio of handles and the leaf: 1 to 3 (or 4). It differs from the Kuban because instead of the apple she has imaginary. Like Zaporizhia Nagaja Uralskaya refers to the Kuban type.
  • Tatar Kamach as well as the combat statutory (thin with a thin bich) refers to the Don Type of Nagaek. In accordance with the decree of Alexander III, combat authorized Nagayki armed all the Cossacks regardless of the title: from ordinary to general.
  • The arapnik is a long hunting whip with a mouse from hemp (or silk, hair) with a short handle.
  • Magtole (or wolf) presents a completely flexible beach with a narrowed leaf. At the end, they often attach the ship for greater punching force. Differs more dense weaving compared to Nagajka and shortened size. In the old days it was used during a wolf hunt.
  • Martial Nagayki with a blade in handles and metal grip. The blade can be installed at the end of the opposite plenty.

How the Nagayka is arranged (Donskaya)

The main parts are a handle and whip, each of them includes several elements.

Handle:

  • grip - a place covered with leather braid to make it convenient to hold in hand;
  • Shalga - a tip made of metal, which was posted at the beginning of grip. It was used to strike directly handle;
  • Temory - loop for a hand, which allowed to hold the nagica firmly;
  • factory - looping for the plenty;
  • Street (i.e. fastening) for durable compound of handle and leaf. It was a thin leather ribbon, the increasing end of the handle;
  • The hook - ring for connecting the handle and the shoulders;
  • Doloch - leather flap.

White:

  • Mahra from leather ribbons;
  • Sarven - intertwined belts;
  • Slap - a bag of leather at the end of the braid, where it was possible to put a metal part.

The whip without metal cargoes and the cable does not apply to the category of shock-splitting weapons and does not fall under the articles of the Criminal Code.

Skin and weaving

For the Cossack Nagiyki used moisturized (rawed one of the most durable) leather (often beef).

Ataman Nagayka

After it was ready, we started making a handle, a durable wooden wand was inserted into it (ash, oak, beech, hub, you can use an ebony), which was pulled out thinly sliced ​​ribbons. Then screamed with a brothel (core) or without it.

For Nagaiki, 8 leather bands are usually used, but for "reinforced" products take 10, 12 and even 14.

Some of the most common ways of weaving are "snake", "Chess", and Kosovo.

Interesting Facts

We trained the technique of ownership of the Nagaika boys from 8 years ago, starting with simple techniques - rotation with one nagayka. The prerequisite is to perform exercises with widely open eyes, which allows you to see the weapon well and provides an overview.

Nagayka for the belt

Even the man who is not a Cossack by birth can be accepted into Cossacks. To do this, he will have to go through the ancient ceremony of his vertex in the Cossacks: to answer the questions of elders on the knowledge of prayers, customs, commandments.

And after the kissing of the cross and the gospel, Ataman Nagaika should strike (according to testimonies, it is very noticeable) His back 3 times: for the homeland, Cossacks and faith Orthodox.

Nagayka was used by the Cossacks and on the hunt, and to attack the horses.

In battle, she performed an auxiliary role and as a whole served to stun the enemy if a checker or peak was lost. But still experienced warriors with her help could cause a fatal blow and even pull the saddle of the horse.

Video

Therefore, if you choose from the whole manifold, as a "combat optimum" we would recommend Nagaika Kanakhin belt. It is not too complicated in circulation, it has a hike blow, but it is quite convenient and compact.

02/16/2020

Kuban Cossack Nagayka

Kuban Cossack Nagayka

Knuti and the screens from ancient times were part of the arsenal of human tribes engaged in hunting and cattle breeding. Over time, they transformed into special means of driving riding animals, while maintaining the function of auxiliary combat or hunting weapon. In the Russian tradition, the Cossack Woliday Nagaiki received great fame and prevalence. They not only thoroughly entered the traditional way of life of Russian Cossacks, his rites and culture, but also became an integral attribute and symbol of the Cossack.

The history of the occurrence of Knuta

Historian scientists include the time of the appearance of the whip for several thousand years ago, by the period of mastering the ancient tribes of cattle breeding and riding. In the course of the further development of these tribes, the KNUT, in general, while maintaining the main materials and principles of manufacture, changed its appearance and scope depending on the developing tribal traditions.

At the same time, as a rule, the whip served to control the horses, the pasty whip became an indispensable tool when grazing herd, a hunting whip - to the gun to finishing game. In addition to the specialized whips and weaves, there were options for their design with the possibilities of combining various functions, including military and ritual. As a special tool for corporal punishment, special materials were used in the aim of applying more efficient and painful blows: lead balls, sharp bone bones, violence.

Initially, the beach was distributed among the most ancient peoples of the Southern and Central Parts of Eurasia and North Africa, and then spread over these continents, and later he fell into America during its colonization.

Differences in the use of whip

The scope of the scope of the whip differed significantly depending on the types of social device. If the knut served for the oldest slave states as a weapon of coercion of the dependent majority of the population, then the nomadic tribal formations whip and the screens entered a much broader use of the main part of society.

At nomadic peoples

The tribes and peoples, the traditional economic structure of which nomadic cattle breeding served, built their society more monolithic. It was the basis of its basis a practically mandatory combination for each of its full members of the functions and skills of the warrior, a hunter and a shepherd-cattle. In each of these activities, there was a natural use of the scourge, which led to the inclusion of this gun in everyday use, and its individual elements began to be given special distinctive signs of belonging to the clan, as well as the place in his hierarchy.

Accordingly, there were special rituals associated with endowment of the right of possession and wearing a row. It was for nomadic peoples that the use of weaves in mandatory rites of the initiation of the younger generation were characterized, in the ritual fights of the competitive plan. These traditions are preserved up to our time with many peoples, including the Kazakhs, Kalmyks, Kyrgyz, Tuvints and others.

In the era of antiquity

Since the basis of the economy of antiquity was agriculture, and the strengthening of statehood was associated with large-scale construction work, the most common destination of the whips and the weaves was their use as a tool for coercion of slaves. Accordingly, the right of possession with such a tool was not massive, and on the contrary - was considered the attribute of certain powerful powers.

This phenomenon was reflected in rituals. So, the plenty was an attribute when depicting many gods in ancient Rome (Apollo, Dionysis, Bellona and others). There was a practice of beating the whip of women for the "enhancement of fertility". In general, heels with the drops in antiquity served as a common punishment for both slaves and other categories of dependent population.

In the military sphere of the antiquity of the shoulders found relatively limited use: usually as a specialized gun management gun in equestrian units. A heavy one-eyed drop with a metal girlet at the tip was used as an auxiliary armament of the ancient Roman legionnaires.

Options and principles of use of whip

Scope of application Purpose and features of the action of the whip
Agriculture Pulling animals in agriculture and cattle breeding. The cattle is frightened by clicking, which makes the whip, or reacts to shock.
System of punishments The tool for the implementation of the most severe and cruel kinds of punishment for people. Competently supplied knut's blow cut the skin and the nearest fabric to the bones. After 10-15 such blows, Knut died from the blood, so he had to change it.
Equipment of cavalry Element Control the horse, as well as an effective auxiliary weapon.
Hunting The main rider tool with many ways of equestrian hunting for various game, from hares to wolves.
Training of animals Currently applied with circus trainers for various animals, as well as filmmaker specialists.

When applying a blow, the tail was sophisticated to the tip of the tongue capable of developing supersonic speed. The blow is quite flexible whip produces a characteristic sound like a click. The striking property of the whip could be enhanced by special weighting on its tip. A similar design is sometimes called "Roman Beach" (in Russia it was more often called "KISTEN") and was in service with both the Old Russian devices and the Mongolian Horde.

Boat Plent

Boat Plent

The affecting property of the flap could also be purposefully relaxed to unnecessarily shock not to injure the horses skin with horseback riding. For these purposes, the beach was equipped with a relatively wide leather plaque ("slap") on the tip, or, as an option, the tip was made of several tails.

In the housekeeping, the bald was indicated as an instrument of home punishment. Among the most important ritual rituals, you can note the following: on the wedding day the bridegroom was supposed to put the whip in his boot as a sign that the married power in the house belong to him. This rite is still reflected in the traditions of the Cossacks, distinguishing the injured married Cossack.

Knut served as a tool for punishment (including judicial) within the prescribed class system. The grounds for the appointment of such punishment became quite serious crimes, including murder and participation in the Bunte. With time, the plenty began to represent a lightweight version of the whip and were also applied to less serious public punishments.

Don Cossack Nagayka

Don Cossack Nagayka

What is Nagayka and its varieties

In the Russian military practice, the arapniki and Nagaiki became a special type of weapons. During the 19th century, they became a distinctive type of auxiliary weapons of the following military formations:

  • Cossack troops;
  • So-called "foreign" cavalry divisions from representatives of nomadic peoples;
  • Divination of horseman gendarmerie.

In the latter case, Nagayka was widely used during the suppression of rebounds and to overclock the demonstrations. And in the Cossack medium, Nagaiki has long been used to punish the provinced Cossack.

The term "Nagayak" explanatory dictionary of the Russian language determines the "short belt whore".

The main version of the origin of the word "Nagaika" is considered to be the conversational version of the term "Noga Slap", based on the use of the Cossack elements of elements borrowed from the so-called "Nagai" ("Nogai") - tribal formations of nomads under the rule of their rulers of the Golden Horde, Khan Foot. There is also a version associated with the word "Naga", which in Sanskrit means "Snake", and the most ancient and simple way of weaving Nagaek was called "snake" and externally reminded the scales of these reptiles.

In general, Nagaika is a dense plexus of leather straps with a special bag at the end in which the load can be placed to enhance the impact. This weapon is quite compact, his blow has a huge speed, which is extremely difficult to manage to react, and causes a strong pain shock from the opponent.

Initially, many Cossack Nagiyki were breeps: one of the weapons (reinforced) served as a weapon, the other was intended to control the horse. The unused type of screamers was fixed by a special clip. In 1839, the order of the military department was arranged to streamline Nagaeks as an element of the Cossack weapons, which consolidated exclusively their variety of their species. At the same time, a number of traditional differences in Nagaek types are preserved up to the present day.

Nagaika was used most often in the near battle, moreover, in the case when the main weapon of the Cossack (rifle, checker, peak) was lost. In general, Nagayka was used to stun the enemy, and experienced warriors could have a deadly blow either to pull the enemy ridge from the horse.

Martial lets, as a rule, fixed on the wrist, while allowing you to freely use the hand. In Cossack Nagikeki, this role was performed by a dormant - a loop for a hand, which allowed to hold the whip firmly. In addition, at the beginning of the handle, the built-in tip made of metal (shell) was usually located, which served to apply the strike directly to the handle.

Donskaya

Donskaya Nagaika has a ring (metal or belt) at the end of a 30-40 cm long handle, which is directly attached to the whip itself 1.5-2 meters long, which makes the blow sharper.

Kuban

Kuban Nagaya has a relatively short (about 20 cm) handle that is powered by leather smoothly turning into the main weaving. The place of connecting the tail of the screens with the handle is visually not visible. This type of Nagaiki is better suitable for applying alkali shocks.

Ural

It is considered a type of Kuban Nagayki, unlike which he has instead of a wicker "apple." The length of the handle is 15-20 cm, the length of the leaf is 50-75 cm.

Statutory

It is considered a type of Donskaya Nagayki for the army of the Russian Empire. In accordance with the decree of Alexander III, combat authorized Nagayki armed all the Cossacks regardless of the title: from ordinary to general.

Zaporizhia

It is considered a type of Kuban Nagayki.

Arapnik

Arapnik

Arapnik

Long hunting or training whipped with thin and durable extension (from hemp, silk or horse-haired), located on the short Knutovishche. All Nagayki are considered to be a shorter species. The term "arapnik" himself arose from the distorted Polish name of the plenty, which occurred from the German "herab" ("away").

Volchatka

Arapist variety with a rigid handle designed for hunting on horseback on wolves and foxes. The length of the usual male is about one meter. The shock part has a thicker weaving, and the ship is attached at the end for greater punching force. Due to the similarities of the main parameters with Cossack Nagayka, it often serves as a synonym for this weapon.

Tatar Kamch

Thin one-eyed leaf with a thin scourge. Traditional Tatar Kamach often refers to a variety of Don type Nagaeks.

Belt Slap

The general concept that combines the types of Nagaeks of different types. This includes special designs, for example, a kind of Kalmyk's "Tashmg", which was not a weakening of narrow leather straps, and by firmware a few relatively wide strips of raw material with a thin leather cord-thread.

How to make arapist do it yourself

The manufacture of Knuta-arapist with their own hands, including in the form of a traditional Cossack Nagaiki, is not something complicated. This ancient combat weapons can be made with the use of sufficiently modern materials, based on the schemes and practical recommendations.

An independent creation of arapist begins with the manufacture of handles. To do this, traditionally use solid trees - beech, oak, ash, acacia. In general, the handle material should be durable, but light, therefore it is also permissible to use textolit or ebonite, but the lightest alloys of metals, on the contrary, are not recommended. In order for the handle to be too thick, it is necessary to reduce its diameter to such a value, which is equal to the thickness of the skin strips used in the overall.

A classic requirement in the manufacture of the shoulder is the use of natural raw leather as raw materials, preferably a cow. Prepared for weaving belts need to soak in conventional water: the weaving process will result in much easier, and after drying the skin there will become stronger.

Those who wish to correctly determine the size of the scourge under the standards of Kuban-type Nagaiki can do so: pull out your hand and rotate the nagyku in a vertical position. Nagayka at the same time should not get to the face of the torque.

The moon-arapist weaving is produced in two basic types: the usual either with the stuffy core (coast). The presence of the core makes the whip less flexible, but enhances the blow, so such a whip is most often used for hunting or battle.

Weaving with a vitality

In the schemes of such a type of weaving (for any classic view of the arapnik, including Nagayka), horse hair is traditionally used as the core. In modern conditions, many are difficult to get it difficult, so the carsion cord is quite suitable for the shipment, fixed in the future handle. Strips are screwed to the basement so that those who will go from left to come first were primed, and then opposite. The end is fixed by threads.

Scheme of weaving Nagaika

Approximate weaving scheme in the manufacture of Nagi

Normal weaving

Weaving without the use of the core, in fact, resembles the weaving of ordinary pigtails. Leather strips for weaving are cut with a conventional stationery knife, forming a narrowing to the tip, and are treated with edges. Striped can be 4-6, but for the "classic" Nagaiki, 8 is recommended, and for the "enhanced" arapist - 10, 12 and even 14.

The slack shape (leather bag at the end of the shock part of the whip, which places the load to enhance the blow) is recommended for a trapezoidal, which is considered the most convenient form. Slap for Nagaiki is better to produce not solid, but on the lacing. If necessary, a loader can be placed in the resulting pockets, which can serve a piece of lead or a bullet, approximately corresponding to the caliber of 5.45 mm.

If you have any questions - leave them in the comments under the article. We or our visitors will gladly respond to them

Raev Oleg.

Fresh author's publications:

Nagayka - National Weapons of Cossacks. Nagayka is Flexible shock weapons Also used as a whip for horse management.

The word "Nagaika", one of the versions, is due to the name of Khan Golden Horde - Nagaya , Genghizhana's great director, whose tribe was engaged in breeding coarse livestock and horses, and also performed regular raids. For easier control of horses, as well as for strikes, nomads used weaks called Nagayki.

According to another version, the name comes from the word "Naga", which translated from Sanskrit means "Snake", which is probably due to a special weaving of Nagayki, reminiscent of serpentine cable.

There is also a version of the origin of the name associated with the place of wearing the plenty - behind the boot of the boot (next to the leg), in connection with which, it was gradually started called Nagayki.

In the tradition of Russian Cossacks - Nagaika is closely related to Cossack SPOMS - Ancient, national combat art, being one of the main tools of the melee. However, Nagayka, in contrast, for example, from checkers, was used only when it was necessary only to neutralize: stun or immobilize the enemy, but there was no goal to kill him.

Nagayka accompanied the Cossack throughout his life. She was hung over the cradle of a newborn baby and put in the coffin, together with a checker, when the Cossack was dying.

It was believed that Nagaika is the most powerful guard that protects against evil spirits, so the headboard of unresolved babies was put on Nagayku.

Also known since ancient times, the tradition was, as a sign of special respect and location, to leave Nagayku under the feet of the guest who was equated to the earthly boron and was considered the highest degree of hospitality.

There was also a tradition of sharing Nagayki, which was a confirmation of the world, the manifestation of the highest friendly feelings and mutual respect.

The predecessors of Nagaiki in Russia, researchers call two types of ancient weapons:

Kisten , which is a short stick, on one side of which a metal ball with sharp teeth on a short belt or chain, washed, on the other - a dormant (loop for hand) and

Shalapugu - Combat whip with 20 pigtails and a thick whip, at the end of which metallic bar was mounted.

Kyste and Shalapouga, according to historical testimonies, were used by the Slavs against the raids of nomads, before the appearance of firearms. And only with the advent of firearms, they came to shift Nagayki.

There are several types of Nagaeks, depending on the region of manufacturing and design features. The most famous are Don and Kuban Nagayka.

Donskaya Nagayka ("Karbach")

A distinctive feature is that the whip is connected to the handle with the help of metal rings or loops. The length of the handle must be equal to the distance from the elbow to the middle of the palm (approximately 30 - 40 cm). Late and the handle relate to each other 2: 1.5. The nagikek length is 40 - 50 cm. Donskaya Nagayka consists of a handle and a vacuum, each of them includes Several elements.

Handle:

  • 1. grip - Place covered with leather braid, for which palm holds handle.
  • 2. Shalga - Metal or leather clip, reliating the end of the handle, serves to apply the reverse side of the Nagayki. Sometimes the clip served as the end of the handle of a small blade (knife), which was inserted into the handle as in a peculiar case.
  • 3. Oboymitsa - A part that fastening the treaty could additionally fix the plant, an additional small loop to make the plenty).
  • 4. Tellyak - loop for the brush that allowed to hold the nagica firmly;
  • 5. Factory - loop for the screens (not a mandatory element of Nagiyki);
  • 6. Street (Fastening) for durable arms and leaf. It is a thin tape of leather, the inclination of the handle.
  • 7. Hook - ring for connecting handles and leaves;
  • 8. Doloch - Leather flap.

White:

  • 9. Mahra - thick fringe of thin leather straps, decorative element, imitation of horse-tail.
  • 10. Sarveren - braid of the shock part, leather belts woven around the wincing (central main cord).
  • 11. Slap - The end of the vacuum, a kind of bag where the load could be laid (the effect of combat kitchen).

Kuban Nagayka ("Kamcha")

In short, the Donskoy for 15 to 20 cm. The shoulder is woven into the handle braid and is a continuation of the handle. Handle - 15 - 20 cm. The proportion of the lengths of the handle and the leaves: 1: 3. Kubanskaya Nagaika is a one-piece design, in which it seems to be hidden directly in the beach, so it seems that there is no handle that there is no handle. In general, the rest of the device is similar to the Don option.

Don and Kuban Nagaiki differ on the battle technique.

Donskaya Nagayka is convenient for horizontal spinning of the screens around the handle. The rotation technique is very close to the Japanese nunchaku.

Kuban Nagaika is especially convenient for applying snaps.

Nagayki's scammers without metallic cargo does not apply to the category of weapons of shock-crushing action and does not fall under Articles of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

According to Russian legislation, the restrictions established on the turnover of civil and official weapons - do not apply to Nagayki. Accordingly, there are no restrictions on the purchase, wearing or storage of Nagiyki.

The Cossack has a saying:

«Nagayka own - you have the power "

The main point of the technique of strikes Nagaika is the generation of the most powerful impulse and the transfer of it to the enemy, creating and transferring force to the beating surface.

In the battle of Nagaika, it is customary to share 2 types of pulses: spinning, under the influence of which the inner push is born, exiting the outward and twisting - the outer push, going through.

The pulse, like when she hit with a hand without a weapon, must come from the ground, passing around the body to reach the arm, and already from the hand to go to Nagaika, converting on the body of the enemy.

The most vulnerable places on the human body, for the defeat of Nagayki, are head, face, elbows, brushes, groin, hips, knees and legs.

The main types of strikes Nagaika is:

  • Chopping strikes;
  • Cutting strikes;
  • Reciprocating shocks (so-called whip);
  • Combined shocks combining straight and rotational movements.

An important point of the technique of combat is Nagayki inertial movement after applying or to reorient the impact.

To clean the impact, braking of handles and scrolling of the vacuum in the free space are often used, as well as inertia damping due to its rolling around the body after completing the impact stage.

The key aspect of the battle with Nagayka is the simplicity and efficiency of receptions.

Attack Nagaika - lightning room. At the same time, Naguyka is effective, both on the middle and far distance.

The distance of the lesion of the Nagaika exceeds the damage distance, and the speed of movement of the martial part of the Nagaiki exceeds the speed of the person's movement with any type of weapon.

Nagayka can be not only an effective means of self-defense, with which it is impossible to exceed the limits of the necessary self-defense, since initially Nagayka is not a weapon that can kill a person.

Nagayka is an excellent tool that can be used to develop coordination, flexibility of the joints, the sensation of space, timing and feelings of the distance.

We often ask questions about belonging to our nagaeks to cold weapons when they want buy "Combat Nagaika".

However, there is still a matter of belonging to the cold weapons of the so-called "Cossack Magician Nagayki" and those similar to the method of manufacturing flexible-joint objects remains negligible in the forensic literature. Let's figure it out? Is Nagayka with cold weapons or not?

As the teacher of the Moscow Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia Dyakonov P. A., in 1976 Tikhonov E.N.

"Combat Bags" and "Combat Shops", as a shock-fragmentation ho: "The combat shoulders are up to 100 cm long, made from woven belts or wires and often at the end have one or more drums.

The Handle of the Screens is usually small, in terms of brush hand, sometimes has a rubber or leather loop ... Battle Beachs are made only by a self-made method from a flexible suspension with a length of more than 100 cm with a handle or loop for brush hand.

The suspension is usually made from wire, chains, rubber and other materials, sometimes weights or spikes from barbed wire are woven into it. " The specified description has some uncertainty. Tikhonov E.N.

Indicates such a constructive sign of weapons as the shock cargo - they are "often" in the bells, "sometimes" whiskers are woven. Probably the author allowed cases when the "combat shoulders" and "combat beat" could not have a special shock cargo. From here there is a question - what kind of signs to divide "combat beats and the plenty" (cold weapons) and ordinary Cossack Nagiyki, not related to weapons? To this question, Tikhonova E.N. No answer.

However, further, developing its point of view, it indicates that "Martial Screens (Beachi), as a rule, do not have handles and in the rolled form are convenient for hidden wearing and unexpected use, the drums are invested in them, which are applied Serious injuries. " That is, the author specifies that the cargo all the same should be (but does not indicate their weight or the quantity) and focus on the secret of wearing and the suddenness of the use of combat hats, which is not a sign of Ho in general.

Two years later (in 1978) Filippov V.V. Criticizing the position of Tikhonova E.N., indicated: "Recair should be such recommendations for attributable to cold weapons of various items, which do not correspond to the officially accepted or historically established types of weapons, as well as the selection of special names for them (combat whites, battle bass and t .P.).

Such objects are tools made with one goal, but have no analogues in the weapon classification, and therefore cannot replenish the number of weapons varieties. Otherwise, the distinction of cold weapons and other tools would be impossible. " What Tikhonov E.N. In 1987

He answered: "... Mention of combat sciences as an ancient shock cold weapons are available in the scientific literature of the last century ... The criminalistic doctrine of cold weapons is concentrated because it is criminalistic that he concentrates data not only about classically developed species (varieties) of cold weapons in the military business, hunting, etc.

, but also in a criminal environment. By the way, in this regard, such items can also be considered a kind of historically developed. "

However, speaking of mentions about combat races in the literature of the last century, Tikhonov E.N. refers to a well-known and very detailed book P. von Wincler "Weapons". In this book, Wincler combat Beach calls "a terr with a moving chapter connecting with the hazel via a binding or chain." It complements its description of the subject found near the Tiberiat.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

Looking at the description and drawing, Winkler's combat scatter calls a big chain or a combat chain with a broken tree, but not Beach in the meaning that Tikhonov says E.N. on the description and drawings of the latter, the "combat" beat and the screens are Ordinary vacancies of different lengths with crafts woven in them. Also Plescachevsky V.

M considers the position of Tikhonova E.N. little reasonable. Pointing to a description of a combat vacation, made by Tikhonov E.N.

He notices: "Obviously (" often at the end have ") the author allows and lack of shock loads, but then will it be a shock-fraging action weapon? And what should be understood as an expert criminalist under the term "shock ship", what is his mass? Or another example: "Combat Beach - ancient Russian cold weapon, resembling ordinary shops, but has a short handle or replacing it with a loop, and closer to the end of the suspension a few drums ... The total length of them is about meter and more." It is impossible to recognize the conventional design of the "ordinary economic scourge", without which the design of the "combat scourge" is not defined. "

Next, Dyakonov P. A. Indicates that in 1997 another expert, Peshibyakin A.S.

Also taken the combat beats and the screamers to the shock-fragmentation cold weapons, including Cossack Nagaiki in this group: " Battle Beachs (Screens, Nagaiki ) - a variety of shock-fragmentation weapons, including a flexible combat (shock) part and hard handle.

The hard handle allows you to clearly direct the movement of the flexible part, to make a blow to the sight ... Nagaika - shortened whip. At the end there may be several flexible parts (tails). In turn, they can be completed by cargo, blade, hook, etc. And acquire cutting and other properties. "

We see that Podarekin A.S., like Tikhonov E.N., does not lead any constructive features that give the opportunity to distinguish the combat nagayka from the usual serving to control the horse. Dyakonov P. A.

Indicates a very controversial position of the authors of the "Dictionary of Special Terms of Criminalistic Expertise of Cold Weapons". On the one hand, they recognize What's "Lucky (Beach, Knut, Nagayka, Kamch) - element of the combat equipment of the equestrian rider , which remained up to the Middle Ages, "and on the other, they call the leaf with a load at the end of the belt shock-fragrating cold weapons.

Dyakonov P. A. Fully agrees with the position of Filippov V.V. and Plescachevsky V.M. And it believes that the attitude towards the cold weapons of shock-fragmentation effects, whipping, Nagaek, who would not call them "combat", unreasonably expands the circle of objects related to Ho.

At the same time, Dyakonov P. A. proceeds from the fact that neither the plenty, nor Nagayki, nor the benefits have never been in service as weapons, but were used either to control the horse, or as a tool for punishing themselves, or at ritual purposes, quite a lot of evidence. Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

So, Baron Sigismund Herberstein, visiting at the beginning of the XVI century.

Moscow, describes the "Russian" cavalry: "... A very few people resort to spurs, and most use a wagon that hangs on the mother's right hand, so that they can always grab it when needed, and put into move, and if the case again comes to weapons, then they leave a weak And she hangs still. The ordinary weapons make them up: onions, arrows, ax and stick, like makeup, which in Russian is called a chain. Sable consumes more noble and richer. " That is, Nagayka was used in Russia only as a tool for managing a horse. In European countries, the beach has practically not used, since there were several other horse equipment, protecting weapons and horses' exit systems for which spurs were required, and not the screens.

Further in the work of Dyakonova P. A.

It is noted that horse equipment belongings are mentioned in the epomasics of different peoples, with some differences, but practically the same - saddle with a pillow and stirrups, high-end, dumps, pitch, bib, urban and bridle, reins, and from other items of horse gear - whip, Arkan , ways, flock, flip sums, etc.

But the whip serves not only to control the horse. The leaf is painted with younger in the age of relatives, the sem of smellers.

In the Altai epic, Erzamir sees his brother-smelly bread (Baskakov, 278-279) and even threatens the same old khana; Kogutay is explained with six sores, holding a "decaded" whip in his hand, and beats them, "where the whip fell" (Koguti, 155-156). In a very serious and thorough work, E. Astanzaturyan leads to the description of O.V. Marggraf On the device and the manufacture of Circassian Nagaeks, where it is said: "An elongated strap is attached to a more subtle end of the Nagayki, which protects the whipping from breaking during a horses hit.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

ТIn the way, the classic Nagayka did not have shock load. There is also no mention of cargo and in a well-known order No. 125, defining materials, dimensions and method of manufacturing Nagiyki (plenti) for "all Cossack troops, except Caucasian"

The screens were used to punish those who guessed, as mentioned in their work Dyakonov P. A ..

Under Peter I, in the regular army, until the cancellation of corporal punishment, the screens, whites, roses, bauters, were included in the "toolkit" of regimental trade units (military police and executioners), but not included in this detailed list, as one of the species . Also, Nagaiki was used to overclock the rover by horseman of the gendarmerie, which Bolshevitsky propaganda deliberately "confused" with the Cossacks.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

With regard to the effectiveness of the use of "combat" Nagaeks and a weave, then Dyakonov P. A. believes that it is small.

He failed to find research of this kind of objects in forensic medical practice and suggests that damage caused by such instruments is reduced to hematomas and skin breaks, which is clearly not enough for weapons. Thus, according to Dyakonova P.A.

, assigning the so-called "combat" nagaeks (weaves, beaches), and essentially conventional missiles and whips, the shock-fragmentation weapon is not substantiated and leads to an artificial expansion of the circle of cold weapons, which may have negative consequences in expert practice.

These objects, although sometimes are used in criminal purposes, are not weapons, but relate to the means of dosage shock effects with a specific scope of application - in the shepherd and horse breeding, as well as the belonging of the Cossack.

Consequently, with a criminalistic assessment of a group of flexible-remedy facilities attributed to the cold weapons of shock-fraging action, it is necessary to exclude devices, never in service that have not consisted in hunting purposes and are household goods.

From here we can conclude that Nagayki, in modern form without metal cargo, can be used by the Cossacks of public organizations as an attribute of belonging to the Cossack people, and when the state attracts such organizations to the protection of public order or the protection of the state border, in emergency situations as a means of dosage impact.

At the same time, according to Dyakonov P.A., the proposal of Plescachevsky V.M. On the inclusion in the criminalistic classification of cold weapons of the shock-fragmentation action of the Hunting Kulchi "Volkoboy", equipped with a "combat" end with a metal load and being, in fact, the kitchen .

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or notNagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

He justifies its proposal by the fact that some nations have a traditional shape of the equestrian hunting for foxes and wolves, when the drunk and exhausted animal struggled by a shock. This method of hunting existed from Mongols, Turkic peoples and Cossacks.

This method of hunting is mentioned and described in both the epic and fiction. "Hunting this Kalmyk and Cossacks, so you need a wolf, steppe and horse for her, - wrote the famous Russian writer Vladimir Gilyarovsky. - Yes, still a special nagayka, Malchannik.

It differs from the ordinary Cossacks by the fact that it is long half and three times thick, although it is also woven from thin raw straps, and sometimes a piece of lead was inserted into it.

Only it is absolutely unnecessary - and without lead, the blow of such Nagyki is terrible, and from the horse, on the race, it breaks the wolf skull, and then the ridge can be overbounded ... ".

Khorunzhiy A.N. Tilchenko

List of references

  • Acticaturian E. Weapon of the Peoples of the Caucasus. - M., 1995.
  • Weiss G. The history of civilization. T. 1 - 3. - M., 2000.
  • Military encyclopedic dictionary. - M. 1983.
  • Gerberstein S. Notes on Moscow affairs. - St. Petersburg., 1908.
  • Dyakonov P. Examination of cold weapons \ Socialist legality. - 1982, № 9.
  • Dyakonov P.A., Ponomarev V.V. Dictionary of main terms and definitions of expertise of cold weapons. - M., 1992.
  • Dyakonov P.A., Black holes in Russian legislation. - "Optim.ru", 2002, №3
  • Illustrated history of weapons from antiquity to the present day. - Minsk, 2000.
  • Bricks A. N. Ancient Russian weapons. Vol. 2. Archeology of the USSR. Archaeological source arch. - M. - L., 1961.
  • Lipets R. S. Images of Batyr and his horse in the Turkic Mongolian epic. - M., 1984.
  • Plescachevsky V. M. Definition of the circle of objects of criminalistic examination of cold weapons \ New developments, technical techniques and means of forensic examination. - M., 1988.
  • Plescachevsky V.M. Examination of cold weapons and some procedural issues related to it \ issues of forensic examination. - Sat. Scientific Labor # 3. - Baku, 1966.
  • Podareakin A.S. Cold weapons: criminal law and forensic study. - Saratov, 1980.
  • Forboyakin A. S. Cold Weapons: Crime Teaching. - M., 1997.
  • Soviet military encyclopedia. - M., 1977. - T.4.
  • Soviet military encyclopedia. - M., 1978. - T.5.
  • Soviet military encyclopedia. - M., 1978. - T.6.
  • Tikhonov E. N. Criminal-legal and forensic assessment of cold weapons. - Tomsk, 1976.
  • Tikhonov E. N. Criminalistic examination of cold weapons. - Barnaul, 1983.
  • Tikhonov E.N. Criminalistic examination of cold weapons. - Barnaul, 1987.
  • Tikhonov E. N., Lyubarsky M. G., Spitskaya L. V., Khaziev S. N., Yakushevskaya I. I. Dictionary of Special Terms of Criminalistic Examination of Cold Weapons. - M., 1993.
  • Ustinov A. I., Philippov V. V. Forensic study of some types of cold weapons of the nations of the East. - M., 1984.
  • Cold weapons and household knives / under total. ed. A.I. Ustinova. - M., 1978.
  • Encyclopedic Dictionary. - M., 1955.
  • Yablokov N. P. To the question of the examination of cold weapons \ theory and practice of criminalistic examination. - Vol. 2. - M., 1956.
  • Yakushevskaya I. I. On the study of some unusual samples of cold weapons \ expert technology. - Vol. 114. - M., 1990.

A source: https://nagajka.com/zakon-i-kriminalisty-o-nagajke/

History and secrets of Cossack Nagayki

I again welcome blog readers!

In this article we will talk about a very interesting subject, important and necessary in the life of every Cossack - Nagayka. Everyone remembers the scenes from the feature films, where the Chubati Cossack rises a gallop in the endless steppe, caught up with his horse?

Remember your emotions at that moment?

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

Of course, in childhood, and in a more mature age, you also want to feel the drinking air of the Don steppe and fluttering the mane.

Eh ... Dreams, Dreams ...

Although, if you look more attentively, which externally allocated the Cossacks from ordinary peasants, artisans, merchants? Checker (saber), Kubanka and, of course, Nagayka. Along with a checker, it is Cossack Nagayka who creates the main image of a person from the Cossack fraternity.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

What is the Cossack Nagayka?

Nagayka is a mandatory attribute of the equestrian rider, woven from leather straps dense whip with a tree handle. There are Nagayki with a knife in a snack, with a bug, which beat wolves from the horse, with a leather ending (slap). Unlike Knutov Nagayka is significantly shorter.

Used as a subject to control a horse, a horse, however, had a number of other properties. Bodily punishments were no exception.

The Nagaek device has its own characteristics, the names of the components cause a sense of admission to something very distinctive, ethnic.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

There is a geographical sign. The main species are the Don and Kuban. They distinguish between the fact that the Kuban Nagaiki, unlike the Don Handle, is inextricably linked with the leaf.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

Donskaya Nagayka "Carbby"

The subject consists of 2 parts: whip, or sarvera and handles, which are interconnected with a steel ring or leather strap.

Grief - The place for which the palm keeps the handle. Shalga (headband) - Metal clip, reliating on the end of the handle, serves to apply the reverse side of the Nagayki.

Sometimes the clip served as the end of the handle of a small blade (knife), which was inserted into the handle as in a peculiar case. Oboyman - A part that fastening the treaty could additionally fix the plant, an additional small loop to make the plenty).

Strength - connects the whip with the handle. Mahra - thick fringe of thin leather straps, decorative element, imitation of horse-tail. Sarveren - braid of the shock part, leather belts woven around the wincing (central main cord).

Slap - The end of the vacuum, a kind of bag where the load could be laid (the effect of combat kitchen).

Kuban Nagayka "Kamcha"

One-piece design in which it seems to be gridden to handle as it were, therefore, it seems to be visually that the endings of the handle are not. In general, the rest of the device is similar to the Don option.

Ural (Siberian) Naga

Less common variety. It has a greater thickness, power, and the dormant is fixed on the end of the handle.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

The history of the origin of the Cossack Nagaiki

Nagayku in his poems mentioned another Russian poet Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not
  • I was among the Donets, chased and I Ottomans Shayka; In memory of the battle and tents
  • I brought home brought Nagaika.
  • At the campaign, I blaido-shrank, I don't, on the wall
  • I'll hang and Nagayka.
  • What to fill from friends -I love my mistress, I often thought about her
  • And the coast of His Nagayku.

There is a legend, which states that Khan Nagai lived in ancient times, whose tribe was engaged in breeding coarse livestock and horses. For easier control, the drivers used braids. Here they began to call them nagayki.

Another legend says that this small whip for convenience she was stuck for the boot's top. As the beach was near the foot, it was gradually started called Nagayka.

In the old days they were usually told: "We own the Nagayka - you have the power."

And not in vain. Nagayka, despite the main purpose, was and is quite serious weapons. With its help, the Cossack could fight himself from wolves, so harm her enemies. In addition, such a leather whip was always very symbolic, a kind, non-verbal language of the Cossack people. It personifies the established family structure of the Cossack Domostro.

Interesting Facts:

  • The son-in-law got Nagayka as a gift from a wedding test. It was believed that she could belong an exclusively married man. It was required to hang in a certain place in the bedroom.
  • As a sign of respect, the guest rushed to the legs, the guest was obliged to return it and hug the owner. If the guest stopped Nagayku, then the man demonstrated his inconsistency of the owner or the unwillingness to forgive the offense.
  • The mutual exchange of Nagayki from Cossacks was considered the best sign of reconciliation.
  • It was believed that Nagayka was impregnated with a horse, then, afraid to approach her to approach, so she was fucked to the head of the beds of girls and unresolved babies.
  • After the death of the Cossack, Nagayka, together with a checker, put in the coffin.

It is very impressive that such a simple thing as Nagayka was, and there is a very important symbol in the life of the Cossacks, the people of free steppes.

Choose Cossack Nagaika!

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A source: https://kavkazsuvenir.ru/blog/istoriya-i-sekrety-kazachej-nagajki.

Nagayka - Cossack weapon - Cold weapons

The first Russian revolution of 1905 certainly affected all layers of society. The participation of the famous (and to this day) of the Cossacks in the events of those years was consolidated by the image of such punitive detachments.

Indeed, an increase in the revolutionary movement demanded from the government to attract, in addition to the police and gendarmerie, various military forces. So, historian V. P.

Turn in the article "The role of the Cossacks in the suppression of the revolution 1905-1907" says that the Cossack shelves of the first stage were used to suppress the disorder, the Cossack shelves of the first stage were used, that is, directly served in the troops, and partly shelves of the second stage - those who lived in the villages, But periodically passed the so-called camp fees. After a little more than a month, from February 22, 1905, the shelves of the second stage and the various Cossack Empire districts mobilized. At the same time, 16 of them were sent to the "domestic service" in order to maintain order in different regions of the country. On the acceleration of riots and the doubt of the displeased masses of the Cossacks were sent without firearms. Then the famous Cossack Nagiyki went into the move and walked: this tool intended for attacking horses (after all, the Cossacks did not have a spur), they turned against a person albeit not in death, but the formidable weapon. Initially, Nagayka is a whip with a narrow end, with which they managed the horse. In general, the scam from ancient times was the gun shepherd, that is, again the tool used in everyday life, which subsequently acquired the functions of the weapon: To do this, it was necessary to strengthen the end of the screak of a kind of ship, which turned a tool to control a horse or a cow in a weapon if not attack then at least self-defense.

The whip used numerous nomadic peoples throughout Asia, sometimes giving her a little magic properties. So, nomads believed that she was satisfied with the horse, and demons or other unclean power could not get to it.

For this reason, it is believed to be the custom of hanging off the head of the girls (including pregnant women).

The Turkic peoples have horseback connants with whites were popular entertainment, and, for example, Kyrgyz, including the 20th century, practiced an equestrian battle of naked rivals torso: their goal was to beat each other from the saddle.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or notRiders are sparing horses. (Wikimedia.org)

Kalmykov Knut was called Mal, Tatars - Kamchu, and the Cossacks - Nagayka.

Some bind the name of Nagiyki with the name of the foot, Becksharbek, that is, say, the administrative ruler of some kind of region, which is nevertheless, was not a Genghisid and, accordingly, could not be called Khan (although no harness, as noted, and along the senior son of Genghis Khan Juci He was with him in relationship). Half rules on the western territory of the Golden Horde between the Danube and Dniester.

From his behalf, the name of the Turkic people Nogai went. Accordingly, it is enough to look like a suggestion that, just like the clothes of Circassians called Cherkess, the whip received the name of Nagayka. According to another version, with a change in the method of wearing weapons, for example, not on hand, but in the boot, that is, "at the foot", the Turkic name of the Kamch was transformed into that very nagayka.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or notWolley. (Wikimedia.org)

At the same time, the predecessor of Nagaiki as a weapon could be a brush, some researchers consider.

The principle of operation and even the form really have some similarities: a belt is attached to a wooden handle (in case of a chain, it could be a chain), at the end of which a small cargo is suspended.

With a change in the armor, the need for a penetrative, shock power of the kitchen disappeared, but Nagayka C fully performed the necessary stunning function especially for the equestrian warrior.

By the way, a certain transitional stage between the chain and Nagaika, which is still used by the Cossacks, can be considered "Maschat". Her Cossacks were used, hunting for wolves.

It was heavier than the classic, option of Nagaiki: its weight was 400 grams, a rather long - from 60 to 80 cm and a thick in grip - 2.8 cm.

Interestingly, despite the greater similarity with the chain, the cargo in the "Magtles" was not inserted, and the handle was not wooden, as well as tightly woven from the lanes of the raw material around the so-called Wedge - the inside of the weaving, firmly pulled by thread.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or notDonskaya Nagayka. (wikimedia.org) Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or notKuban Nagayka. (wikimedia.org)

The classic Nagayka is considered to be the Don and Kuban.

The first has metal rings that join the whip with handle, while the length of the handle and the length of the plenty, as a rule, were equal, although each wizard did in its own way.

On average, the handle was measured by hand from the elbow to the middle of the palm, which approximately equal to 30-40 cm. In turn, Kuban Nagayka was shorter - about 15-20 cm. Unlike Donskoy, her whip continued to handle as a male.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or notAuthorized Nagayka. (wikimedia.org)

The basis of this weapon was made of wood, which was subsequently soaked with stripes of the skin. Then the dormant - loop, through which the brush did it. The braid itself was called servo: At the end of Serve, there was the same slap - a leather pocket, who strengthened the weaving, did not allow him to bloom and respectively defended the skin of the horse from the dissection.

True, in this very pocket and one could put something like bullets, then a simple tool turned into a weapon.

At the end of the XIX century, an order is created at number 125 "On the newly introduced Cossack equestrian equipment", which already clearly prescribes the outfit and armament of the Cossack troops and the parameters of the Nagaiki, which is called the statutory: it becomes thinner, but longer, and the end of the server has no pocket .

True, subsequently, the Cossacks themselves transform the statutory Nagayka to the statutory-combat. So, for example, the blade was often inserted into the handle, which could be reached, fasten to the handle and, taking a slap, unwind the nagike.

The history of the creation of guns murder. Weapons in all its glory and power.

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Cossack fighting naguita do it yourself

All famous Nagaika has a different name - male. The origin of this name is associated with the appointment of this weapon for the hunt for wolves and foxes. The hunt was carried out on horseback, which determined the length of the male, i.e.

Nagaiki - about one meter. The shock portion of Nagaiki is made weighty, and the handle is rigid.

The manufacture of Nagiyki do it yourself is not difficult, so you can make it an ancient combat weapon, relying on video and practical recommendations.

Nagayka do it yourself: types

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or notClassical Donskaya Nagayka

Since ancient times, Nagayka was considered a moody weapon, although it was initially only decorated the Cossack Parade Form. Later, it was used in the battle as an auxiliary powder, weapons, as well as an instrument of punishment of the guilty Cossacks. In peacetime, Nagayk began to use on the hunt.

There are two types of Nagaeks: Don and Kuban. Donskoy Nagayka is characterized by the presence of handle with a length of 30-40 cm, a drop of 1.5-2 meters long, with a hand thick.

She is applied sharp blows, and this sharpness is achieved at the expense of the ring connecting the handle and the beach.

Kubanska is characterized by a shorter handle (20 cm), which is woven into the whip itself, making the same shape with it. Unlike the Don, it is suitable for applying alkali shocks.

Recommendations

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or notExample of modern materials - Textolite

For the manufacture of rows of whips traditionally used solid trees - beech, oak, ash, acacia. The material should be durable, but easy. From modern such materials you can use textolite, ebonite, but not light metal alloys. For the manufacture of the shoulder, it is recommended to use genuine raw skin. It must be soaked before weaving in ordinary water - the process of weaving will become much easier, and after drying the skin, the whip will become stronger.

To determine the correct size of the vacuum, it is necessary to pull out your hand in front of you, and rotate the nagike in a vertical position: it should not get to the face of the human torque.

Ship shape (leather bag at the end of the drum part of the whip, which places the load to enhance the blow) should be a trapezoidal, this is the most convenient form.

The best slap is not made whole, but leave a place for lacing. This is necessary in order to be able to remove the weight of the pocket.

For cargo it is recommended to use a piece of lead with a bullet with a caliber of 5.45 mm or directly poule from a hunting rifle.

In order for the handle to be too thick, it is necessary to reduce its diameter in front of the braid, which is equal to the thickness of the skin strips used in the braid.

For a modern variant of the injection, you can use a metal clip with bearings that put on handle. The hole at the end of the rod, through which the ring is done, is searched. Mashed ring to the leaves through the carbine.

How to moisten nagike do it yourself

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or notDiagonal weaving

Kuban Nagayka traditionally spilled from raw beef skin. The flap was divided into four bands, tapering down. Nagaika's weaving began with a handle where the horse hair or a wooden wand was inserted. Gradually, hair or wand was pulled out with stripes of the skin, and at the bottom of the loop (darkness) was made. Next, the shock portion of the whip was swung, which also inserted horse hair. At the end of Nagaiki, a special leather pocket was manufactured, where the bullet was placed or another heavy load. The handle was often decorated with fringe or other decorations.

In modern conditions, not everyone can get horse hair, so there are many more ways how to make Kuban Nagayka with your own hands. Here is one of them:

  1. Paprochy cord 80 cm long and 10 mm thick, as well as an aluminum tube with a diameter of 12 mm.
  2. The tube is wounded by a bypass cord, one end is inserted into it in approximately 10 cm deep. Each layer is superimposed with wax lubrication so that the nagaka was moisture-proof.
  3. Next, the strips of leather are cut, it is possible to do this using an ordinary stationery knife. To have enough of it, the 80 cm long for 80 cm will need 1.5 m of the skin.
  4. Strips are cut in such a way that each of them is narrowed by 1 mm from below after 25 cm from the beginning. Strins should turn out 8 pieces.
  5. Using edge each and strips need to be processed.
  6. Strips are screwed to the basement so that those who will go from left to come first were primed, and then opposite. The end is fixed by threads.
  7. After that, direct weaving begins: two right and two left chess are intertwined in front, the following will go back. Weaving scheme can be viewed in the photo.
  8. Where the slap node will be located, thickening is done.
  9. The tip of the handle is stuck with a piece of leather, it is made of fringe on it.
  10. Temory can be removable or non-removable.

In more detail, how the fighting Cossacks of Nagaika woves with their own hands, you can look at the video.

Donskaya Nagayka do it yourself

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or notDonskaya Nagayka with Chahya

The process, like weaving the Don Nagayk, is slightly different from the manufacture of Kuban because the whips have different designs. For the handle, you will need a thin wooden stalk with a length of 30-40 cm. Similar to the manufacture of the Kuban Nagayki, skin strips are cut with a narrowing of the book. As a core, you can use the same skin that for braid, only two bands are taken, twisted around their axis to give round sections and elasticity. A small cargo is added to slap, it is brazed inward. At the end, the opposite slap, the fringe of the skin is attached. When slaps and the main part will be woven, you can start the attachment of the leaf of the leaf to the handle. Such a lock may well serve as a regular ring from a bundle of keys, only it should be large in diameter. Next, it is made of handle: the hole is drilled in the center of the stick, in which the skin strips are fixed, topped with tight thread. The rowing of the handle is carried out in a similar way as in the manufacture of Kuban Nagaiki. The hole is closed by a piece of leather, joins the screens with a ring-retainer. Arapge is ready.

A source: https://pohod-lifehack.ru/nagajka-svoimi-rukami/

What nagyku choose: Kuban or Donskaya?

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

Nagayka Vera and the Truth serves many generations of Cossacks. Each warrior has always been with you. With Nagayka and in battle, and hiking, and on hunting, and for a holiday. At the end of the nineteenth century, the king himself ordered each Cossack, regardless of the rank and age, to always have Nagayka with him. And it is not surprising that modern descendants of glorious warriors want to go in the footsteps of their ancestors and acquire a reliable Nagaika.

The division of Cossacks by the troops imposed the appropriate imprint on many parties of life. It affected the faithful Nagaeks. The fundamental differences arose in the two most common types of braids - Kuban and Don. And today, choosing to yourself Nagyku, many are wondering: and which one is better? To answer it, you need to study in detail each type.

Donskaya Nagayka

Don Cossacks originates from the sixteenth century. The history of the troops is rich in battles in many wars. And in each fight, the Don Cossacks showed themselves bold and brave warriors. During the battle, not only traditional checkers, brushes and brushes, but also faithful Nagii, which were used as an additional weapon were walked.

A feature of the Donskoy Nagaika is the attachment of the scourge to the handle. The hook consists of a metal ring connecting the handle and whip. Many compare the Don Nagica with Asian Nunchaki.

Especially if the whip is increased by weighting agents placed in the head and slap.

In case of similar strike techniques, Nagayka acts more accurately and pulls the enemy at a further distance.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

The benefits of the Don Nagayki can be attributed to:

  • Large length of handles - up to 40 cm
  • Wide angle of inclination of the shoulder relative to the handle
  • more sharp and fast
  • compactness, as it is easy to fold in half

In addition, the Don Nagiyki is equipped with an additional protection against a metal hook - dolon.

Kuban Nagayka

Kuban Cossacks were formed in the middle of the nineteenth century and united in itself the Black Sea, linear Cossacks and assigned foreigners. On the account of this troops there are many glorious victories and well-deserved awards. In honor of the famous warriors in Krasnodar, a monument to the Kuban Cossack is even established. And Nagaika, the time of the century accompanied warriors in battle and on the hunt.

The design of the Kuban Nagaika is made without using a metal hook. The beach is woven into the handle, and together they represent a single whip with a solid handle.

Often, the grip from the plea separated the wicker "head", serving for a more reliable Hugike hold in the hand of the owner. Thanks to a single structure, a blow that is applied to such a lean, stronger and holly.

And the lack of a metal hooking makes Nagaika solid, allowing you to apply in battle, habitual receptions for cutting.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

The advantages of the Kuban Nagaiki:

  • Unified technique like checkers and Nagaiki
  • Easy to use and weaving
  • Less additional elements
  • more hunch

Together with this, the Don Type of Nagaiki is more plastic, and it can be easily folded and removed into the bag or for the boot.

Each type of Nagaek has its advantages and disadvantages. But each of them is good in its own way. No wonder the hectares were used in battle and hunting. The main thing is the quality of manufacture.

In the shop Nagayk.rf, only high-quality leather and reliable materials are used in the manufacture of Nagaek. Our products are manufactured in Cossack traditions by the masters of the Kuban and Don Kureny. By purchasing Nagayki with us, we can be confident in their quality, reliability and durability.

A source: https: //xn--80aak5agq.xn--p1ai/content/kakuyu-nagayku-vyubrat-kubanskuyu-ili-donskuyu.

Arapge, distinguishing from Knut, Nagaiki and Beach, what are weaving methods, as used for hunting and training, use in tsarist Russia

Knut has many varieties, one of which is Knut-Arapnik. Most likely, the name "Arapge" itself was borrowed from the Polish language, and there was a word "away". Two types of arapy are the most common: hunting and training.

Arapge for hunting

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

The main parts of the hunting arapist are the beach and whip. The material for the manufacture of the plenty is intertwined belts of three or four millimeters in width.

Belts are a pattern of raw or shore-seated skin. Knutovishche flies leather belts. At the same time, the beach usually reaches a length of 130 to 160 cm. Knutovishche in turn has a length of 30-35 cm.

Usually used in horseback hunting with dogs on wolves, hares, etc.

Training Arapnik

Auxiliary tool of hurkers for dog training. Consists of a whip and whip. Times used as a leash. To make a leash from the whip, the whip is attached to the carbine, and with the collar it connects the heterochog's collar ring, existing on Carabin. The convenience of capture is provided by fastening the loop to the whole.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

This whip-arapy is manufactured using two ways of weave belts: "in the rod" and "into the braid".

The first option is a weave of two or four belts, the material for the pattern of which the rustling-paddled semi-wave, raw or soles, whose thickness is three or four millimeters. The total length of such arapy is usually 85 cm, and the length of its whip - 20cm.

Arapist's weaving option "braid" implies weaving already six-eight belts, out of the same materials, with the exception of plantar skin. The resulting arapist has a meter long, whipped - 25 cm.

In the modern world, the arapnik is manufactured at civil society enterprises. Store it is recommended in a dry room.

Other ways of application

The history of mankind is not limited to modern civilization, and the further look into the past, the more diverse the situation in which the arapnik was used. In Russia until 1917, Knut-Arapnik was often used as Beach: a tool for the execution of corporal punishments. The short version of the arapist is called Nagayka, it was usually distributed in the Cossacks.

Nagaka Cossack - Combat: Types - Donskaya, Kuban, Knut Arapnik, how to weave, is a cold weapon or not

Nagaiki in pre-revolutionary Russia was actively used by the Cossacks as a tool for horse management. In addition, Nagayka could be a martial weapon that was used to overclock the demonstrations of workers in Tsarist Russia.

A source: https://warways.ru/holodnoe-oruzhie/arapnik.html

Nagaiki

Nagayka is a type of weapon. Today, Nagayka is an integral part of Russian Cossacks. In the army of the Cossacks necessarily had to wear Nagayk.

Cossacks learned to use it for self-defense in the near battle, because It is used as flexible shock weapons.

These classes were a kind of martial art, so anyone who wore Nagaica immediately personified the courage and order in the eyes of others. In skillful hands, this is not just a stick with a strap, but a formidable personal weapon.

It responds to the call of the owner, becomes a continuation of his strong hand, the guard of his family and the Motherland.

The origin of the term "Nagayka" various sources are presented in different ways. Some say that once snakes in Russia were called Nagami. And indeed, looking at Nagayka a creative person can see the snake, rolled by a ring. Yes, and those who have experienced the Action of Nagiki say that it does not hit, but Jalith.

There is also another weighty assumption that when the nut was hanging at the end of the whip, Nagayka was obtained. Well, the traditional and most common version of the origin of this word from one of the Caucasian peoples referred to as Nagai, who used these lashes and "shared" technology with the Cossacks. There are two types of Nagaeks: Don and Kuban.

The general principle of manufacturing the Cossack Nagayki is to intertwine leather straps ending at the end of a slack. In this "slap" (or bag), the cargo is not rarely invested. He softens the blow of the horses skin if the latter is very much and ineptly. A sharp tip with such a blow can cause horse injury.

There are options when a piece of lead is sewn into the bag. Such a product should be used extremely careful, for it can cause serious injury. The impact force of the weighty Nagaiki is growing paint. There are cases when the Cossack score the enemy to death in battle. The technique of combat Cossack Nagayki was constantly improved.

Among the exercises with Nagaika there are general recommendations, adhering to the basic skills of work:

  1. Exercises with Nagayka on the speed of rotation around its axis on various trajectories with interceptions.
  2. Accurate blows on the beams of straw (including on the move and on the run), fixed in a checkerboard order.
  3. Stroks to accuracy by subjects fixed at different heights.

There are also various deposition options:

  1. A blow from the return, while in the final phase, the shoulder is not strained to pull it back, and the hand is fed slightly forward. The purpose of such a strike is a braid or the capture of the enemy, and then the jerk and the fall of the enemy.
  2. "Slap" - this blow is applied by the end of Nagiyki, i.e. "Slap", at a right angle to the shock surface, along the same trajectory back.
  3. Punch with a delay - the most efficient, in fact it is a blow and fast hand pulling back.

In fact, the blows are reminded by a pash with a horse. Especially good Nagaika against an enemy armed with a knife. Working with Nagaika leads to a feeling of space around him.

Taking into account the foregoing, it becomes clear that the victorious image is precisely the Cossack, who has turned the enemy to escape only alone by Nagaika, has genetic roots for all Russian people who go deep into the centuries.

Nowadays, the Cossacks wear Nagayka as an integral attribute of their front-end form.

All Nagaiki, which are made and sold in the online store are made by the Master individually and manually from genuine leather.

Here are presented various options for each, even the most demanding buyer, could choose the most convenient product for itself. This will allow you to easily decide on the model.

Cossack Nagayka as a gift, becomes the subject of pride and indicator of a special ratio of the donor. Do not oppose the wishes to buy one of them right now.

A source: https://masterskaya-dmitrova.ru/nagajki.html

Alt.

Nagayka, no doubt, is a weapon. Under current conditions - not combat but traumatic. Modern Nagiiki are performed in such a way as not to fall under the definition of shock-crushing cold weapons, however, to feel their blow to your shock does not want anyone.

In the skillful hands, Nagayka is able to fight a hooligan, dispersed a small flock of street dogs, while irreversible damage. In this regard, it is much more efficient than the knife, defending in which, it is very easy to "exceed the limits of permissible self-defense" and pleased the defendants yourself.

At the close distance, Nagayka may turn out to be more efficient (and safer and for you, for the attacker) even a traumatic pistol. It is still necessary to have time to get it, to send a cartridge and remove from the fuse. In addition, the shot from the "trauma" on the close distance, if the bullet falls into mind, throat or heart, is quite capable of leading to the consequences, which the arrows did not want at all ...

But if you wish to use Nagayka as a means of self-defense, then a question may arise - how to wear it?

Wearing ordinary Nagaika

Historically, the Cossack wore Nagika, shoved either for the belt, or for the boot's top. Sometimes it was hid like a brown, in a long sleeve.

In modern conditions, all these ways are not too suitable. There will be unnecessary views on the belt over the belt, high boots are now only in winter (and then not all people), but to hide in the sleeve ... in the fall or in winter it is still okay, but, for example, in summer?

Not to mention that Nagayka in the sleeve is not too comfortable.

It is also worth considering that self-defense weapon must be worn so that it can be quickly snatched in a critical situation. From this point of view, the most optimal nagayka for self-defense is Nagayka-belt!

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Battle Nagayka

Idea and design

Nagayka's belt is wrapped around the waist of the owner, being told in the belt clip. It completely replaces the usual belt, does not catch up and attracts attention. But nevertheless, if necessary, it can be grabbed, as Katan from the sheath, and instantly, the samurai strike is to strike - just one button is enough.

Nagay-belt refers to the "Snake" constructive subtype. It is made on the basis of the Kuban-type combat whip, but, unlike the latter, this product has no hard handle with a wooden rod. Its role performs the most thick part of the vacuum, on the shank equipped with an emphasis-impressive - the so-called "Turkish head".

Over the entire length of the Nagayki belt, a steel cable with a diameter of 4 mm is passed, which gives it the necessary rigidity, advantage and strength of impact. In the handle and slap (shock part) there are metal weighting agents, which turn the product is not in a simple nagayka, but in the real wolf.

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Hidden wearing Nagiyki on the belt

It is fastened in front like a belt. The slap is located a durable leather loop, and on the handle - a darkness with buttons, thanks to which you can adjust the Nagayka on the figure as the usual belt.

The standard length is 90 cm, but each concrete product is made to order, under the parameters of the owner.

Features of weaving

The product uses a classic eight-vapor weaving - "Golden Standard" for Nagaeks. If you use a smaller number of skin strips, then the beach will be too rigid and rough, if more - they will be too thin, and the final result will be released the same. Nagayki out of 10 or more skin strips are more likely to decorative, while our product is full-featured, suitable for practical use.

For the manufacture uses high-quality calf leather black, selected in modern technology. It is much stronger "raw" (the skin selected by the old way), so such a naguit faithfully will serve you for a long time even with active use.

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Features of weaving

Application in emergency situation

If you are right-handed, then grip in the culk so that she wrapped you from left to right. The handle should be on the left side, and slap from the loop - with the right. The fastener will be approximately the center, on the site of the belt buckle.

To snatch the nagayk, a short enough to unbutton a button, put a hand on the "Turkish head" and stretch with one movement. Since it narrows to the tip, it is easily removed. For Zama enough one turn of the brush is enough - and here Nagaika in your hand is ready to attack any goal!

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Wide range of Nagaek

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Introduction

We will try in a brief form to state the essence of the naked battle. We present to your attention a course on self-defense in urban environments, taking into account the design features of Nagaeks manufactured by Masters Nagayk.rf.

Fundamental moments of nagasy battle:

  • Key aspect of the battle system - simplicity and productivity, and not aesthetics of receptions;
  • Lightning attack with collision fatality. No need to wait until the enemy becomes acting. Given that the maximum efficiency of Nagayki on medium and long range, the initiative must be taken into their hands, suddenly strike the opponent.
  • Fundamental factors of the nagasy battle are meaningfulness, lightningness and clarity.
  • Under appropriate circumstances, be prepared for the attack. Do not be afraid of the enemy, because in your arsenal there is such an accurate and effective weapon as Nagayka.

LL. Theory

The theory of battle with Nagaika is the necessary component, which tells about fundamental concepts, without which it is impossible to develop the art of flanking by Nagayki, improve their skills and replenish the arsenal of technical knowledge. Let us dwell in detail on practical aspects. The ignorance of them as such significantly complicates the assimilation of the nagasy battle.

Model space. We will consider your location on the surface of the earth central. From him in different directions go directions (as in the compass). Each sector is broken with a diagonal.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 1

Angles of attack. This is a "fencing cross" used in most schools of martial arts, but with minor discrepancies. It is complemented by the upper, lower and middle level of attack for each angle. A schematic representation similar to the previous one, but only considered in the vertical coordinate system. Angles of attack - guide application applications, standardizing technical arsenal when protecting and attacking.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 2

External and inner form. The consistency between the external and internal form leads to a positive result. With its absence of serious progress in teaching the naked battle will not follow. The outer form characterizes the actions of a person at the physical level. The inner form is the fullness of physical action at the spiritual level.

Naturalness. All actions should be natural, light and relaxed. If the mastered technique causes difficulties, uncomfortable sensations, it should be left for later. Let's start exploring the techniques that are given to you without much effort, freely and simple. It is necessary to return to the difficult elements again and again, until they fall as easily as simple techniques.

Refuse a rigid look. In confrontation with the aggressor, you need to use peripheral vision to use the maximum. Effective psychological reception is to look through the opponent, and not directly, in the eye, hypnotizing with his eyes. Temporary and pelvic movements will tell the enemy's intentions. Fix them mentally.

Breathing is smooth, without delay. Exhale accompany the movement forward, inhale - back. Sharp power exhale is synchronized with the investment of force.

LLL. Rack, grip and position of Nagiyki.

For hunts, specific racks are not characteristic. The owner of Nagaiki should stand comfortably, a somewhat exhibiting one leg. Sustainable body position. The body should be relaxed, but concentrated for action at the near future. Bend legs slightly bend a little, and move the body weight to socks. Protect some breasts, lower your shoulders, tighten your chin. This position of the body is called the "Position of Readiness". The above rules are characteristic practically for each type of martial art.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny battle, photo № 3

The essence of the main grip: a relaxed hand covers the handle. The emphasis is shifted by three fingers - medium, little finger and unnamed. The task of the remaining fingers is to set the necessary arms trajectory. Their position is free, but not so much so that Nagayka fell out of his hand. The thumb should be kept in an elongated position along the Nagaiki. Nagaika is not a blade weapon, so its rotation is similar to a saber or a sword inexpedient.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny Battle, Photo No. 4

Nagayki situational position.

To the position "readiness" owner Nagaiki It becomes for long distances. The first option is the location of Nagayki - along the leg. The second option - folded is held in front of it. The first position is ideal for beginners, which do not yet own the proper technique of protecting Nagayka in a folded position. As practice shows, protective actions are more convenient to conduct with the second position of weapons.

Hold the second hand before breasts, covering vulnerable places. It is used for reverse.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo number 5

The average distance dictates its rules of the game. The weapon is not held, but it is started. At this distance you need to act resolutely and lightning.

A short distance is a situation in which you need to act more valid than in the previous case. At least this concerns the audience at the first stage of the knowledge of the details of the naked confrontation. Advanced users own various options for holding Nagiyki.

lv. Distance

Distance control is the most important aspect in the naganny battle. He is paid to high attention due to the peculiarities of Nagaiki, its inertial characteristics. The user must effectively use all the features that are currently available, in accordance with the view of the distance.

At the far distance from the owner of Nagayki maximum opportunities for the defeat of the enemy, in particular, his legs or hands put forward. We recommend that it is on the far distance to attack an armed enemy. With successful impact, the enemy will either be defeated, or repaid. You can not lose a second - continue to attack the enemy, gradually reducing the distance to the middle. At the middle distance, you are still abaturated for the enemy, as in the far distance.

At the middle distance, you have the ability to strike an amazing opponent in any part of the opponent's body. Slap can hit the torso, hand, head, etc. After holding an attack, you need to retreat, go to the previously occupied position (long distance). With a tangible achievement of the goal, it is allowed to apply the final blows to the opponent with the handle of the male. At the same time, you leave the occupied position on the average distance to move short distance. Similar actions of hilt strikes in the neck, enemy throw, etc.

On the near distance from you to the opponent hand, to file in full understanding of this expression. This is the distance of an elongated hand, so in such a position you are very vulnerable, risk getting the maximum blow from the enemy. The expediency of the implementation of the male is justified, as the weapon is limited in its potential. Not experienced users of Nagaiki is extremely important to avoid such a distance. After all, overcall the enemy is possible only if there are serious hand-to-hand combat skills. But no need to forget that War Nagike Handle with a steel headband. It can cause irreparable harm to the opponent, if you use the situation correctly.

V. Foot work

The ability to skillfully move, managing distances, is one of the key moments of successful confrontation with the opponent. If the work of the feet is ineffective, the user does not take advantage of the advantages on a long and middle distance, he will not be able to drive a crushing strike of the aggressor. This means that the owner of Nagaiki is waiting for an inevitable defeat. Proper legs of the legs are important during attack and protection

1. A simple step is the fundamental tactic of movement when converging with the enemy. In front of the movement, the first step behind the front foot to which the rear limb is pulled.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo number 6

The rear movement is carried out on the opposite algorithm. An indent is performed by the back leg, to which the front limb is pulled.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 7

2. Scheme of side steps.

If you are standing in a right-hand rack, and you need to move to the left, you need to set back your back, and pull the front limb. With right-hand movement to the right retreats the front leg, followed by the left limb.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo number 8

Having worked out the side steps, do not forget about insanid movements. That is, the movement diagram is performed small, parallel surfaces of the earth by jumping.

3. The pushing step scheme. It is used if necessary to quickly overcome a large distance. The front foot walks forward after the rear limb will be tightened to it. In most cases, the step is completed with a deep drop.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 9

4. Deep depression. The motion element is borrowed from fencing. Its functionality is to reduce the distance between the user and the enemy. Lies in the form of a sharp throw with a slight tilt of the body. Models of this movement are several.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo number 10

5. Diagonal

Model "Forward-Right". In the initial position, the lower limbs together. The right limb on the diagonal makes a step forward-to the right. On the left side slightly turns the body.

Model "Forward-left". Movements are similar, but in another direction.

Inexperienced users use models in attacking rounds by traversing. Subsequently, the model can be used during a counterattack.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 11

Model "Back-Right". With unfolded in the right side, the housing is made by the rear left-sided step diagonally.

Model "Back-left". Similar movements, but the case is deployed to the left.

Movement is used when the Cossack wants to leave the attack line with a distance breaking.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo number 12

Model "turns in place." The action begins with the heel turn, ends - shoulder and pelvic turn.

Alternative action - in the left turn to retain the right limb on the right side, to trust the torso and heels. Similar movements in the right turn with the rents of the left leg.

The model has proven effectiveness in combat bonds, being a key element in a situation where you need to skip the opponent's attack, and not to get under his blow.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 13

We described the main movements necessary to keep a nagasy battle. You need not only to work out each of them, but also simulate the situation at which you need to use more or all of the above movements.

The execution technique of all movements should be brought to automatism. If you neglect the recommendation, you should not continue to work towards the development of the nagasy battle. Having learned the movement technique, proceed to the integrated execution of shock, protective techniques and movements. The most important concept of a hand-to-hand combat is the simultaneous execution of two, three technical aspects. For example, we change the position of the body, practicing both the protective function and the application of impact.

VL. Boots Nagaika

Percussion equipment is fundamental to teaching Nagayka. When hit, the main moment is in the generation of the most powerful impulse and the transmission of its opponent. Under the influence of the painful enemy syndrome, you need to break. He must refuse further aggression.

The essence of the impulse is to create and transfer strength on the beating surface.

According to the laws of physics, with a greater amplitude, the blow is applied more powerful, but not as fast as with a smaller amplitude. Given this axiom, the shakers with a small amplitude are suitable for influencing the enemy at the initial bunch level. Their speed turns the opponent in shock. And while he did not come out of this state, you need to complete the ligament with high amplitude push.

In the nagasy battle, it is customary to subdivide the pulse for two types - spinning and twisting. Under the influence of the spinning pulse, the inner push coming out. The result of a twist pulse is an outer push, going through.

The impulse is born in the footsteps, comes to hand, passing around the body, from hand goes to Nagaika. The impulse on the opponent's body is completed.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 14

The pain effect is a phenomenon determined by the force of a push and affected by the areas of the opponent. The most vulnerable places to defeat Nagayka on the human body - head and elbows, groin and face, brushes and legs, elbows and hips, knees. When applied to the enemy, which is dressed in winter type, their effectiveness is significantly reduced. It is necessary to correctly determine the attacked goals. In a concrete situation, they will face, hands, knees. If the push is sharp and powerful, then the aggressor will stop its actions. Especially when it comes to the knee strike.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny Battle, Photo No. 15

Controlling is to neutralize the impetus pulse for instant reorientation to another technical technique.

Three options are practiced:

  • inertial quenching;
  • Contact technique;
  • Scroll.

The main method of controlling the Nagayki is considered to be an inertia. The male or nagayka will lose inertia if it is carried out with smooth containment past the body after impact. After losing inertia, the user is free in choosing further actions.

In the contact method, the potential of the Nagayki is lost after it is dried around the body after the expiration stage. But you need to be prudent, since the rolling can cause painful syndrome. In order to avoid such a situation, the containment of weapons is carried out until it starts contact with the torso.

The impression of the impulse by scrolling lies in a sharp braking of the handle, scrolling the shoulder in the free space.

Types of strikes Nagaika

Fundamental blows in the nagasy battle are applied with a slap. There are several conceptual options that consider in more detail.

Cut. It is used in the final part of the ligament. Advantages - power. It is achieved at the expense of a large muscular volume. Disadvantages - little efficiency, significant inertness. Application scheme - Nagaika in an elongated hand moving along a wide arc. The concentrated movement of the hand is performed for a moment before reaching the target.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 16

Cutting. The initial phase is identical to the rally, but at the end of the movement of the Nagaiki on a wide semicircle, it is performed to die - a sharp pulling to the Nagyki before reaching the goal. In fact, the vertical and horizontal vector of attacks are connected in one line.

Chlest. The hand is thrown forward in a straight trajectory, the blow is being finalized by the active movement of the brush. For xles, a pronounced return movement is characterized, because when applied, the work is turned on both the hand and the entire case. It differs from the cutting blow to the earlier and short switches. The direction of slap parallel to the hand (with a slight deviation). Due to the short amplitude, the inertia of weapons is reduced compared to other techniques. Given the features of the whip, it is effective at the initial stage of the ligament - the opponent has almost no chance to protect against the blow, since it will be in shock. This should consider the lightning speed of the blow. Disadvantage - Small power.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 17

Combined blow. The brush bent in the elbow hand spins the nagyku, which is sent with a sharp movement forward (similar to the whole). Folded for beginners, but powerful strength and speed. Technical complexity consists in combination of rectilinear action with rotational.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagasy Battle, Photo No. 18

Despite the fact that all blows are illustrated in the vertical plane, their features are characteristic of blows in other planes. We recommend to work out the tactics of strikes in all corners of the attack. The demonstrated movements are fundamental blows of the hijacked battle. Each of them has its advantages and disadvantages, but for those who want to learn to own Nagayki perfectly, it is extremely important to work out them before automatism. In accordance with the circumstances, they can be combined by choosing the most appropriate tactics of the opponent.

Pay attention to dried. This movement is stabilizing for Nagayki, visiting contact with the goal. Scrolling is a desirable way to control the Nagaika, because with other options the risk of strokes with a slap in parts of their body increases. We strongly advise you to master this technique to such an extent that it is natural to you.

Boots to handle Nagaiki

Similarly, the principle and trajectory of slap blows are shielded by handle, which is used as a kitchen. But only the shock element protrudes not sarven, but the handle. Nagayka should be taken for the beach. Be extremely careful when applying such impacts, because they are more than shovels by Sarven. They are recommended only when the owner of Nagaiki has no other exit, and the striker is too aggressive or attackers of several.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 19

Punch with the back of the handle. Ideal in Middle Boy, applied along a circular and direct trajectory. Excellent exhaust technique - a weighty argument of the user who falls into the unpleasant situation.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 20

The remaining existing methods of applying strikes are complex for beginners, so we will not consider them.

Fundamental trajectories of shocks.

It is primarily under the work of direct strikes. There are oblique and horizontal blows, as well as vertical (as shown in the picture). After reaching the goal of the attack, the inertia is quenched, after which the blow is applied in the opposite trajectory.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 21

Eight. The fifth and sixth trajectory - circles are described on the left and right side (alternately) from the body.

The seventh and the eighth trajectory - Nagayka moves in front of him.

The ninth trajectory is the circle of Nagayka to describe above the head, to strike on the oblique trajectory, extinguish the inertia of the weapon, send the Nagaika according to the identical scheme in the opposite direction.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny Fight, photo № 22

Circles. 10 Position - in the literal and opposite direction to the left of the body, arcs are described, 11 position - similar movements to the right of the body. 12 Position - above the head, 13 position - in front of you.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 23

Practiced pairwise testing of basic trajectories. For example, a straight vertical kick - apply two beats without delay up-down. Movements by other trajectories are performed according to the same method.

It is important that the main focus is on strike. At this moment you need to put all the power, and not just perform rotation.

First of all, you need to master the basic trajectories using a scarning strike, then the cutting. This will allow you to become a guru in applying a blows of any type in each of the trajectories. Do not forget that it is possible to work off the blows in different variations of the amplitude of shocks.

Levels. It must be remembered that there are three levels for each beat trajectory - lower, upper and medium. When working out shots, it is advisable to change the levels of attack.

Before changing one trajectory to another, you need to educate basic trajectories. For ease of mastering methods, select two trajectories from the existing list. Perform them without stopping, sequentially. Use quenching binding scrolls, etc. Try that every movement looks natural and troubled for your execution.

In addition to basic trajectories, there is a mass of extra. But for the beginner it is important to master the methods that are set out above. Achieved at the expense of constant practice.

VLL. Protection

Despite the extensive range of protective actions with Nagaika, novice should not be mastered by all in a row appliances. The best option will be the detailed study of the minimum set, which will allow for a critical moment to focus on performing the necessary action, and not be lost in the most responsible moment.

With the inevitable collision you need to show the initiative - to attack first. Properly adopted solution is a comprehensive implementation of the combat potential of weapons, getting rid of numerous problems of technical nature.

Among protective actions, the most important aspect is to manage the distance. She needs to pay a maximum of their attention, without losing a single detail. To prevent an enemy attack, it is necessary to perform actions with impact on the distance. Nagayka - a specific weapon that does not avoid the application of response when reflecting the massive attack.

At the initial stage, the main protective effect is a shuttle. You must learn to apply it. The essence of the reception is that when attacking the enemy, it is necessary to reduce the distance with simultaneous application of a short blow to the most appropriate place, after which a counterattack is carried out with the front direction. The movement must be spring and operational - delays are unacceptable.

First of all, you need to work out the "Forward-Back" technique, after which it is embarked in the development of the same movement on the diagonals back and sideways. Since with a diagonal shuttle, the enemy will have to change the direction of attack, and the preparatory series requires additional efforts, this technical technique is more effective compared to direct shuttle.

In the near future, the technical arsenal of protective actions will be expanded. Carefully learn new information on our website.

VLLL. Bundles

In the naked battle, ligaments play an important role, which is due to the inertia of Nagayki. Thanks to the bundle, several shots fall on the enemy for a moment. During a bundle, the enemy is forced to react to your actions. It turns out that the bundle is the ability to control the actions of opponents, and, therefore, to use their benefits. With a properly completed bundle, even the sophisticated hand-to-handman will not be able to oppose something significant.

You can start developing individual combat bonds after the development of basic trajectories and basic warrants of shocks. Nagaze battle does not tolerate template recommendations and movements. If the owner of Nagaika has several (enough 3 or 4) ligaments, which under any circumstances perform perfectly, it can easily create its battle tactics.

Nagaiki is low weight, so it is capable of applying significant damage only when a fairly serious force is inserted into the blow. The owner need to focus on impact, and not aimlessly waving Nagaykoy, demonstrating the beauty of rotations.

The simplest martial bonds of 2 beats:

1. We spend the attack of a whip over your head, as a result of which the opponent will reject or skip. The inertia of Nagayki method is instantly quenched by the scroll method, after applied or cutting into the knee area.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagasy Battle, Photo No. 24

2. The whip attacks the head of the enemy, the Nagayak scrolls above his head. The second action is to apply a chopping or cutting strike into the clavicle zone.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagasy Battle, Photo number 25

3. Attack is carried out in the knee area. Under the action of a whip, the enemy leans forward. Nagayka describes a circle and causes a discount, ascending in the face of the face.

Technique work with Nagaika. Aza Nagaschny fight, photo № 26

Do not limit your tactics of the bias of their two blows. We strongly advise you to master the ligaments described above, but do not limit it to this. Create your ligaments by combining percussion techniques in such a bed that you consider appropriate. Nagayka favors creating his own, unique set of technician.

Consider that the technique of working with Nagaika is harmoniously combined with the movement of the legs. After working out a bundle in place, practice the same movements, but with moving.

LX. Afterword

We introduced you to the Aza Nagaschny fight. We hope that our information will be useful for you will help improve the skill of the Nagaika's mastery - one of the most interesting and effective weapons.

If you are perfectly practicing Nagaika, you can share useful information with us, we will be glad to hand with an interesting and useful and our readers.

Useful tips on training:

1. Workout before starting training is an important aspect. This is a mandatory action that is performed in accordance with the individual desires of the user. The lack of workout can adversely affect the spine and muscles with the main training.

2. Upon completion of the workout, pump circular movements on all existing trajectories, practicing various amplitudes of rotation. Work over straight movements, changing strength and speed of movements.

3. Accent attention on movements, which will allow you to hone the movement and give rest to your hands.

4. Actively work on tactics and movements that were failed on the previous training session.

5. First, practice the ligaments without moving the legs, and then - in combination with them.

6. Analyze your work in this training session - consider what you have turned out, and what is not quite. This information will help plan the following training.

We will try to place even more useful and important information regarding the maintenance of hunts and other aspects. Improve the skills, since the lack of progress leads to a loss of interest in training. This means that in a critical situation you will not be able to manage Nagaika. Weapons should be a continuation of your body. This can only be achieved with regular training.

Good luck in the knowledge of the naked battle!

I again welcome blog readers!

In this article we will talk about a very interesting subject, important and necessary in the life of every Cossack - Nagayka. Everyone remembers the scene from the feature films, where the Chubate Cossack rises a gallop in the endless steppe, customizing his horse? Remember your emotions at that moment?

Of course, in childhood, and in a more mature age, you also want to feel the drinking air of the Don steppe and fluttering the mane.

Eh ... Dreams, Dreams ...

Although, if you look more attentively, which externally allocated the Cossacks from ordinary peasants, artisans, merchants? Checker (saber), Kubanka and, of course, Nagayka. Along with a checker, it is Cossack Nagayka who creates the main image of a person from the Cossack fraternity.

What is the Cossack Nagayka?

Nagayka is a mandatory attribute of the equestrian rider, woven from leather straps dense whip with a tree handle. There are Nagayki with a knife in a snack, with a bug, which beat wolves from the horse, with a leather ending (slap). Unlike Knutov Nagayka is significantly shorter. Used as a subject to control a horse, a horse, however, had a number of other properties. Bodily punishments were no exception. The Nagaek device has its own characteristics, the names of the components cause a sense of admission to something very distinctive, ethnic.

There is a geographical sign. The main species are the Don and Kuban. They distinguish between the fact that the Kuban Nagaiki, unlike the Don Handle, is inextricably linked with the leaf.

Donskaya Nagayka "Carbby"

The subject consists of 2 parts: whip, or sarvera and handles, which are interconnected with a steel ring or leather strap.

Grief - The place for which the palm keeps the handle. Shalga (headband) - Metal clip, reliating on the end of the handle, serves to apply the reverse side of the Nagayki. Sometimes the clip served as the end of the handle of a small blade (knife), which was inserted into the handle as in a peculiar case. Oboyman - A part that fastening the treaty could additionally fix the plant, an additional small loop to make the plenty). Strength - connects the whip with the handle. Mahra - thick fringe of thin leather straps, decorative element, imitation of horse-tail. Sarveren - braid of the shock part, leather belts woven around the wincing (central main cord). Slap - The end of the vacuum, a kind of bag where the load could be laid (the effect of combat kitchen).

Kuban Nagayka "Kamcha"

One-piece design in which it seems to be gridden to handle as it were, therefore, it seems to be visually that the endings of the handle are not. In general, the rest of the device is similar to the Don option.

Ural (Siberian) Naga

Less common variety. It has a greater thickness, power, and the dormant is fixed on the end of the handle.

The history of the origin of the Cossack Nagaiki

Nagayku in his poems mentioned another Russian poet Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin.

I was among the Donets, chased and I Ottomans Shayka; In the memory of the battle and tenting home brought Nagayku.

At the campaign, I bless it to Balalyku, I do n'tby hang onto the wall and Nagayka.

What to fill from friends -I love my hostess, I often thought about my Nagayka's coast.

There is a legend, which states that Khan Nagai lived in ancient times, whose tribe was engaged in breeding coarse livestock and horses. For easier control, the drivers used braids. Here they began to call them nagayki.

Another legend says that this small whip for convenience she was stuck for the boot's top. As the beach was near the foot, it was gradually started called Nagayka.

In Starin, they usually said: "Nagaika own - have the power" .

And not in vain. Nagayka, despite the main purpose, was and is quite serious weapons. With its help, the Cossack could fight himself from wolves, so harm her enemies. In addition, such a leather whip was always very symbolic, a kind, non-verbal language of the Cossack people. It personifies the established family structure of the Cossack Domostro.

Interesting Facts:

  • The son-in-law got Nagayka as a gift from a wedding test. It was believed that she could belong an exclusively married man. It was required to hang in a certain place in the bedroom.
  • As a sign of respect, the guest rushed to the legs, the guest was obliged to return it and hug the owner. If the guest stopped Nagayku, then the man demonstrated his inconsistency of the owner or the unwillingness to forgive the offense.
  • The mutual exchange of Nagayki from Cossacks was considered the best sign of reconciliation.
  • It was believed that Nagayka was impregnated with a horse, then, afraid to approach her to approach, so she was fucked to the head of the beds of girls and unresolved babies.
  • After the death of the Cossack, Nagayka, together with a checker, put in the coffin.

It is very impressive that such a simple thing as Nagayka was, and there is a very important symbol in the life of the Cossacks, the people of free steppes.

Choose Cossack Nagaika!

The history of the origin of this traditional weapon is unknown. There are several options for hypotheses. However, all researchers agree that Nagayki was distributed not only from Russian Cossacks, but also from representatives of the Mongolian, Tatar, Mountain peoples. This type of weapon is mentioned in the dictionary V. I. Dalya.

The history of the emergence of the term "Nagayka"

Etymology of weapon name is unknown. One of the versions implies its origin from the nation name of the North Caucasus "Nogaitsa". Another theory is built on the consonance with the ancient Sanskrit word "Naga", which means "snake." The assumption is not devoid of grounds, because the appearance of the weapon reminds this reptile. Another interesting hypothesis - the name could have happened from the ancient word "nut" who called the goods. In this case, the term "Nagayka" could literally mean "get a heavy object."

Authorized Nagayka

History of the appearance of Nagaek

The exact period of arms occurrence is unknown. Archaeological findings include its early application to the times of Scythians who lived on Don. When excavations of objects of the IV - VI centuries BC, in the territory of the Russian Federation, it is possible to find samples of leather whips. With centuries, the form, technology of manufacturing Nagaeks was modified. Each master could make something else. Thus, the weapon evolved until the sustainable types were gained: Kuban and Don.

History of use of Nagaek

Throughout the known period of use of weapons so far, its role and appointment has practically not changed. Historically, the Cossacks were used by Nagayku during the loss of the main means of lesion and as an attribute of the parade form. There are cases of successful combat use in extremely dangerous situations. True, the use of Nagayki is justified only against a person who is not armed with a more dangerous weapon. Attack on a fighter with a rifle does not make sense. In 1884, the decree of Emperor Alexander III, the obligatory wearing of Nagayki by all the Cossacks was entrenched, from General to a simple Cossack. There is a statutory type of weapons for the royal army. In addition, the subject had a symbolic, ritual and signal meaning. Nagayka - Esuula attribute and bailiff at the Cossack meeting. In addition, this item has a symbolic value for any Cossack. It is known to use this weapon in the hunt. Cossacks on horses hit wolves, foxes on the move slap (shock part of the whip). The weapon was used in sparring and constantly in training. For weighting slap (bag), the bullet was laid in it, as evidenced by the entry in the dictionary V. I. Daly, dedicated to this weapon. Nagayka is often mentioned in classical and historical Russian literature.

Battle Nagayka

Using Nagaeks in modern times

Currently, light whip does not apply to the class of cold weapons. It has no death, but may cause damage. However, if slapping is heavy, the use of Nagaiki can be classified as the use of cold weapons. Therefore, currently Nagayka is an attribute of the Cossacks, a symbol of involvement of traditions, it is in demand for training and historical reconstructions. Cossack representatives actively use this subject. Modern weapon reduced the role of Nagayki to the attribute of tradition and culture, and not the means of defeat.

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