What reasons forced the Bolsheviks to go to the coalition with the left esera?

The events of 1917 and the current situation in the world demanded the search for the allies in the raging revolutionary boiler of various political forces. After the October events, Lenin, who headed the Bolsheviks Party, dismissed the idea of ​​a homogeneous socialist government. What causes forced the Bolsheviks to go to the coalition with the left wing of the revolutionaries of the revolutionaries, there were many assumptions. Why was heterogeneous in their political weight and the goals of the struggle of force considered that only won from such a forced union? These and many other points will be disclosed in this article.

The events of 1917 and the current situation in the world demanded the search for the allies in the raging revolutionary boiler of various political forces. After the October events, Lenin, who headed the Bolsheviks Party, dismissed the idea of ​​a homogeneous socialist government. What causes forced the Bolsheviks to go to the coalition with the left wing of the revolutionaries of the revolutionaries, there were many assumptions. Why was heterogeneous in their political weight and the goals of the struggle of force considered that only won from such a forced union? These and many other points will be disclosed in this article.

какие причины заставили большевиков пойти на коалицию

Socialists - revolutionaries (esters)

This party was created on the basis of the people's organizations appearing in Russia in the second half of the 19th century. The idea of ​​populism was that the Russian intelligentsia returned to the roots of folk wisdom, seeking to find his place in this world. They preached the exceptional path of development of Russian society, able to build socialism at once, bypassing the capitalist formation. The basis for this should serve the peasant community land tenure that existed in Russia. This utopia found a wide response in the souls of revolutionaries, natives dreaming of changes.

The esters were direct heirs of these views. They managed to gain a considerable cash capital (mainly due to the campaign work, that they led among the peasantry). Bolsheviks relied on the proletariat, and the peasants simply missed sights. Wide support for the peasant masses used by the essentials and was a response to the question: "What reasons forced the Bolsheviks to go to the coalition?".

Socialists revolutionaries were not bent by terror. True, he wore an individual, selective. The most famous victims were: Vyacheslav von Plev, Grand Duke Sergey Aleksandrovich and other high-ranking specials.

левые эсеры

What a sought esters

The originality of their ideas was that they were the first to express themselves about the federal structure of Russia. The transition to socialism was planned as a natural evolutionary path, which should start from the village. But for this it is necessary to convey the whole land not even to the state, but local governments. Users of such land would receive their consumer standards on the basis of personal labor.

They were supporters of the wide representation of the people in all spheres of life. The objectives of their program were the creation of a republic with compulsory attributes in the form of electoral universal rights, inviolability of the individual, freedom of speech, endowing the broad autonomy not only areas, but also of various communities.

Subsequently, the Bolsheviks (annoying on their missions in working with the peasantry) will take some items from this program.

меньшевики интернационалисты

Causes of the Socialist Revolutionar Party

After the events of the February revolution, disagreements were outlined inside the Socialists. There were several controversial points that served as an apple of discord:

  • condemnation of the imperialist war;
  • a complete refusal to cooperate with the Provisional Government;
  • The decision of the land issue.

All those who have not agreed with the general line of the party, formed the left fraction. This situation was not to use sin. The Bolsheviks did everything possible to drag the left speakers to their side, realizing the misses of their own work. They simply did not have an agrarian program.

Bolsheviks were unwound only in April 1917, putting this issue on the agenda. But with the reservation. It said that in the development of such a program it was necessary to avoid "excessive detail, linking hands in private." In other words, they simply did not want to give unnecessary promises, due to the fact that they had not yet decided for themselves how to do with the land issue. So far we are talking only about confiscation.

Left esters in this regard looked much more profitable. But the Union of such a different forces gave all the chances to get solid power. This was the main answer to the question of what reasons forced the Bolsheviks to go to the coalition.

It is impossible to discount the ratio of the events of war and peace. Here they performed a single front.

переход к коалиционному правительству

Transition to coalition government

The events of the October Revolution Most parties perceived as a mean military conspiracy. There was a real threat to the Civil War, if the general decision will not be found in society. Oils in the fire poured the position of the All-Russian executive committee of the trade union of railway workers. Controlling the pathways, they could easily arrange a regional collapse, stopping the movement of trains. Railway workers demanded the creation of the government from all socialist parties.

Mensheviki-internationalists, the esters and representatives of other parties were forced to make a compromise. The prospect of the transition of power from the dictatorship of the Bolsheviks to the parliamentary forms of democracy. It was a small hope of the permission of public contradictions by peaceful way.

Acute need for allies pushed the Bolsheviks and left speakers to create their own political bloc. What reasons forced the Bolsheviks to go to the coalition? After all, for them, the October coup was only a transitional stage at the beginning of the revolution. Fear of being in a political minority was the main reason for creating a coalition and consolidation of forces.

The events of 1917 and the current situation in the world demanded the search for the allies in the raging revolutionary boiler of various political forces. After the October events, Lenin, who headed the Bolsheviks Party, dismissed the idea of ​​a homogeneous socialist government.

What causes forced the Bolsheviks to go to the coalition with the left wing of the revolutionaries of the revolutionaries, there were many assumptions. Why was heterogeneous in their political weight and the goals of the struggle of force considered that only won from such a forced union? These and many other points will be disclosed in this article.

Socialists - revolutionaries (esters)

This party was created on the basis of the people's organizations appearing in Russia in the second half of the 19th century. The idea of ​​populism was that the Russian intelligentsia returned to the roots of folk wisdom, seeking to find his place in this world. They preached the exceptional path of development of Russian society, able to build socialism at once, bypassing the capitalist formation. The basis for this should serve the peasant community land tenure that existed in Russia. This utopia found a wide response in the souls of revolutionaries, natives dreaming of changes.

The esters were direct heirs of these views. They managed to gain a considerable cash capital (mainly due to the campaign work, that they led among the peasantry). Bolsheviks relied on the proletariat, and the peasants simply missed sights. Wide support for the peasant masses used by the essentials and was a response to the question: "What reasons forced the Bolsheviks to go to the coalition?".

Socialists revolutionaries were not bent by terror. True, he wore an individual, selective. The most famous victims were: Vyacheslav von Plev, Grand Duke Sergey Aleksandrovich and other high-ranking specials.

What a sought esters

The originality of their ideas was that they were the first to express themselves about the federal structure of Russia. The transition to socialism was planned as a natural evolutionary path, which should start from the village. But for this it is necessary to convey the whole land not even to the state, but local governments. Users of such land would receive their consumer standards on the basis of personal labor.

They were supporters of the wide representation of the people in all spheres of life. The objectives of their program were the creation of a republic with compulsory attributes in the form of electoral universal rights, inviolability of the individual, freedom of speech, endowing the broad autonomy not only areas, but also of various communities.

Subsequently, the Bolsheviks (annoying on their missions in working with the peasantry) will take some items from this program.

Causes of the Socialist Revolutionar Party

After the events of the February revolution, disagreements were outlined inside the Socialists. There were several controversial points that served as an apple of discord:

  • condemnation of the imperialist war;
  • a complete refusal to cooperate with the Provisional Government;
  • The decision of the land issue.

All those who have not agreed with the general line of the party, formed the left fraction. This situation was not to use sin. The Bolsheviks did everything possible to drag the left speakers to their side, realizing the misses of their own work. They simply did not have an agrarian program.

Bolsheviks were unwound only in April 1917, putting this issue on the agenda. But with the reservation. It said that in the development of such a program it was necessary to avoid "excessive detail, linking hands in private." In other words, they simply did not want to give unnecessary promises, due to the fact that they had not yet decided for themselves how to do with the land issue. So far we are talking only about confiscation.

Left esters in this regard looked much more profitable. But the Union of such a different forces gave all the chances to get solid power. This was the main answer to the question of what reasons forced the Bolsheviks to go to the coalition.

It is impossible to discount the ratio of the events of war and peace. Here they performed a single front.

The events of the October Revolution Most parties perceived as a mean military conspiracy. There was a real threat to the Civil War, if the general decision will not be found in society. Oils in the fire poured the position of the All-Russian executive committee of the trade union of railway workers. Controlling the pathways, they could easily arrange a regional collapse, stopping the movement of trains. Railway workers demanded the creation of the government from all socialist parties.

Mensheviki-internationalists, the esters and representatives of other parties were forced to make a compromise. The prospect of the transition of power from the dictatorship of the Bolsheviks to the parliamentary forms of democracy. It was a small hope of the permission of public contradictions by peaceful way.

Acute need for allies pushed the Bolsheviks and left speakers to create their own political bloc. What reasons forced the Bolsheviks to go to the coalition? After all, for them, the October coup was only a transitional stage at the beginning of the revolution. Fear of being in a political minority was the main reason for creating a coalition and consolidation of forces.

1) The Bolsheviks went to the coalition with the left ester (LE) for several reasons:

  • Lee represented the second (!!) in magnitude;
  • LE had a strong influence on the Black Sea and Baltic Fleet sailors;
  • included in the composition of both the central government and local committees.

2) The Bolsheviks had great hopes for the Constituent Assembly, it should have become a democratically elected representative body to

The constituent assembly was closed because it was as a newly created legislative body forced to divide (!!) the power between the Bolsheviks and other elected parties in it.

3) Regarding the conclusion of the world with Germany:

  • Lenin's point of view: to conclude a quick world to be able to focus on internal problems.
  • Trotsky: Termination of war without signing a peace treaty, the war was needed to push to the uprising in Germany itself.

4) Conditions of the Brest World:

5) The first events in the field of economics were:

  • Establishing an 8-hour working day;
  • Nationalization of land / banks / industry;
  • Enchant food duck.

6) Since the lag of the agricultural sector of the economy threatened with hunger and could undermine industrial successes, the state was forced to introduce a monopoly on the production of grain and strive to destroy the entire harvest.

transition to coalition government

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